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The impact of obesity on the course and outcome of acute pancreatitis

Abu Hilal, Mohammed and Armstrong, Thomas (2008) The impact of obesity on the course and outcome of acute pancreatitis Obesity Surgery, 18, (3), pp. 326-328. (doi:10.1007/s11695-007-9298-5). (PMID:18202895).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many countries and is an established risk factor in many chronic illnesses, but its role in acute illness is less clear. Pancreatologists have long recognized obesity as a risk factor for a poor outcome in severe acute pancreatitis. There are now several studies that have identified obesity as a primary risk factor for developing local complications (abscess, pseudocyst, necrosis), organ failure, and death. Indeed, meta-analysis of these studies gives a relative risk of 4.3 for local complications, 2.0 for systemic complications, and 2.1 for death. This has led to proposed modifications of acute pancreatitis scoring systems to include obesity as an independent primary predictive factor of severe disease. Obesity is associated with a low-grade inflammatory state, which may predispose obese patients to such complications. Furthermore, visceral obesity and visceral adipose tissue may be particularly important in underlying the pathophysiology of these observations.

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Published date: March 2008
Keywords: severe acute pancreatitis, obesity as a risk factor, complications

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 172247
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/172247
ISSN: 0960-8923
PURE UUID: 9773f59e-579c-4fa0-9ab8-3f92915c4da8

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Date deposited: 25 Jan 2011 09:40
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:14

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Contributors

Author: Mohammed Abu Hilal
Author: Thomas Armstrong

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