Abu Hilal, M. and Lodge, J.P.A.
Pushing back the frontiers of resectability in liver cancer surgery
European Journal of Surgical Oncology, 34, (3), . (doi:10.1016/j.ejso.2007.07.201). (PMID:17949941).
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Thanks to advances in surgical technique, anaesthesia and peri-operative care, hepatic resection has evolved from a rare procedure with an associated mortality rate of up to 20% to a routine surgery carried out in high volume liver units with an operative risk of less than 5%. This review concentrates on the techniques employed in radical hepatic resection, considering in particular: (1) The feasibility of extended hepatic parenchymal resections; (2) The treatment of lesions compromising the hepatic in-flow; and (3) The treatment of lesions compromising the hepatic out-flow. We discuss how these aims can be achieved by: minimizing the blood loss; minimizing the remnant liver parenchymal injury; performing an adequate oncological resection; and creating adequate venous out-flow reconstruction, using case series and case histories to illustrate these points.
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