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Influences on the quality of young children's diets: the importance of maternal food choices

Fisk, Catherine M., Crozier, S.R., Inskip, H., Godfrey, K., Robinson, S.M. and Cooper, C. (2011) Influences on the quality of young children's diets: the importance of maternal food choices British Journal of Nutrition, 105, (2), pp. 287-296. (PMID:20807465).

Record type: Article


It is recognised that eating habits established in early childhood may track into adult life. Developing effective interventions to promote healthier patterns of eating throughout the life course requires a greater understanding of the diets of young children and the factors that influence early dietary patterns. In a longitudinal UK cohort study, we assessed the diets of 1640 children at age 3 years using an interviewer-administered FFQ and examined the influence of maternal and family factors on the quality of the children's diets. To describe dietary quality, we used a principal components analysis-defined pattern of foods that is consistent with healthy eating recommendations. This was termed a ‘prudent’ diet pattern and was characterised by high intakes of fruit, vegetables and wholemeal bread, but by low intakes of white bread, confectionery, chips and roast potatoes. The key influence on the quality of the children's diets was the quality of their mother's diets; alone it accounted for almost a third of the variance in child's dietary quality. Mothers who had better-quality diets, which complied with dietary recommendations, were more likely to have children with comparable diets. This relationship remained strong even after adjustment for all other factors considered, including maternal educational attainment, BMI and smoking, and the child's birth order and the time spent watching television. Our data provide strong evidence of shared family patterns of diet and suggest that interventions to improve the quality of young women's diets could be effective in improving the quality of their children's diets.

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Published date: January 2011


Local EPrints ID: 172877
ISSN: 0007-1145
PURE UUID: 5d4ba3b5-7498-40f7-83de-3ab4411c55ae
ORCID for H. Inskip: ORCID iD
ORCID for K. Godfrey: ORCID iD
ORCID for S.M. Robinson: ORCID iD
ORCID for C. Cooper: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 31 Jan 2011 14:43
Last modified: 27 Aug 2017 01:45

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Author: Catherine M. Fisk
Author: S.R. Crozier
Author: H. Inskip ORCID iD
Author: K. Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: S.M. Robinson ORCID iD
Author: C. Cooper ORCID iD

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