Influences on the quality of young children's diets: the importance of maternal food choices

Fisk, Catherine M., Crozier, S.R., Inskip, H., Godfrey, K., Robinson, S.M. and Cooper, C. (2011) Influences on the quality of young children's diets: the importance of maternal food choices British Journal of Nutrition, 105, (2), pp. 287-296. (doi:10.1017/S0007114510003302). (PMID:20807465).


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It is recognised that eating habits established in early childhood may track into adult life. Developing effective interventions to promote healthier patterns of eating throughout the life course requires a greater understanding of the diets of young children and the factors that influence early dietary patterns. In a longitudinal UK cohort study, we assessed the diets of 1640 children at age 3 years using an interviewer-administered FFQ and examined the influence of maternal and family factors on the quality of the children's diets. To describe dietary quality, we used a principal components analysis-defined pattern of foods that is consistent with healthy eating recommendations. This was termed a ‘prudent’ diet pattern and was characterised by high intakes of fruit, vegetables and wholemeal bread, but by low intakes of white bread, confectionery, chips and roast potatoes. The key influence on the quality of the children's diets was the quality of their mother's diets; alone it accounted for almost a third of the variance in child's dietary quality. Mothers who had better-quality diets, which complied with dietary recommendations, were more likely to have children with comparable diets. This relationship remained strong even after adjustment for all other factors considered, including maternal educational attainment, BMI and smoking, and the child's birth order and the time spent watching television. Our data provide strong evidence of shared family patterns of diet and suggest that interventions to improve the quality of young women's diets could be effective in improving the quality of their children's diets.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1017/S0007114510003302
ISSNs: 0007-1145 (print)

ePrint ID: 172877
Date :
Date Event
January 2011Published
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2011 14:43
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 03:23
Further Information:Google Scholar

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