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Shorter axial length and increased astigmatic refractive error are associated with socio-economic deprivation in an adult UK cohort

Shorter axial length and increased astigmatic refractive error are associated with socio-economic deprivation in an adult UK cohort
Shorter axial length and increased astigmatic refractive error are associated with socio-economic deprivation in an adult UK cohort
Purpose: to evaluate whether socio-economic deprivation is associated with ocular axial length and refractive error in a British cohort.

Methods: the study population consisted of 7,652 individuals who provided data to the prospective cataract database at Portsmouth Eye unit, UK over a 4 year period (January 2004 to June 2008). Indices of multiple deprivation (IMD) scores measuring both social and economic domains for each patient’s locality were calculated. The association of these measures of deprivation with axial length and refractive error (astigmatic and spherical) were evaluated using regression analyses after adjusting for age and sex.

Results: socio-economically deprived areas (higher IMD scores) were inversely associated with axial lengths and astigmatic refraction. After controlling for age and sex, an inverse linear association was observed between axial length and IMD scores (-0.24mm in highest quintile compared to lowest; 95% confidence intervals: -0.33 to -0.15) and between astigmatic refraction and IMD scores (-0.12 dioptres in highest quintile compared to lowest; 95% confidence intervals: -0.21 to -0.03). There was no association between spherical refraction and IMD scores.

Conclusions: axial length and astigmatic refraction were inversely associated with socio-economic deprivation in this population. Identification of the environmental exposures involved may identify reversible risk factors for impaired vision


0928-6586
44-47
Goverdhan, Srini
9ae32d5a-5c82-48a4-962d-1ed8acc3991e
Fogarty, Andrew W.
a02701a9-ab8f-4bc5-a4fa-1aedd81e5065
Osmond, Clive
2677bf85-494f-4a78-adf8-580e1b8acb81
Lockwood, Alastair
66e26300-6546-4af8-8c29-c76763808c1f
Anderson, Luke
bce67101-a51e-4b9d-adc1-b3730b80e203
Kirwan, James F.
8cf3e23f-cd72-47af-a94c-3aee70b8d206
Goverdhan, Srini
9ae32d5a-5c82-48a4-962d-1ed8acc3991e
Fogarty, Andrew W.
a02701a9-ab8f-4bc5-a4fa-1aedd81e5065
Osmond, Clive
2677bf85-494f-4a78-adf8-580e1b8acb81
Lockwood, Alastair
66e26300-6546-4af8-8c29-c76763808c1f
Anderson, Luke
bce67101-a51e-4b9d-adc1-b3730b80e203
Kirwan, James F.
8cf3e23f-cd72-47af-a94c-3aee70b8d206

Goverdhan, Srini, Fogarty, Andrew W., Osmond, Clive, Lockwood, Alastair, Anderson, Luke and Kirwan, James F. (2011) Shorter axial length and increased astigmatic refractive error are associated with socio-economic deprivation in an adult UK cohort. Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 18 (1), 44-47. (doi:10.3109/09286586.2010.528853). (PMID:21091202)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Purpose: to evaluate whether socio-economic deprivation is associated with ocular axial length and refractive error in a British cohort.

Methods: the study population consisted of 7,652 individuals who provided data to the prospective cataract database at Portsmouth Eye unit, UK over a 4 year period (January 2004 to June 2008). Indices of multiple deprivation (IMD) scores measuring both social and economic domains for each patient’s locality were calculated. The association of these measures of deprivation with axial length and refractive error (astigmatic and spherical) were evaluated using regression analyses after adjusting for age and sex.

Results: socio-economically deprived areas (higher IMD scores) were inversely associated with axial lengths and astigmatic refraction. After controlling for age and sex, an inverse linear association was observed between axial length and IMD scores (-0.24mm in highest quintile compared to lowest; 95% confidence intervals: -0.33 to -0.15) and between astigmatic refraction and IMD scores (-0.12 dioptres in highest quintile compared to lowest; 95% confidence intervals: -0.21 to -0.03). There was no association between spherical refraction and IMD scores.

Conclusions: axial length and astigmatic refraction were inversely associated with socio-economic deprivation in this population. Identification of the environmental exposures involved may identify reversible risk factors for impaired vision


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Published date: February 2011
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 173259
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/173259
ISSN: 0928-6586
PURE UUID: 9d7f6b49-f550-40ae-8e53-787517a06d13
ORCID for Clive Osmond: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9054-4655

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Date deposited: 03 Feb 2011 08:20
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 16:45

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