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Gravitational self-force on a particle in eccentric orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole

Gravitational self-force on a particle in eccentric orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole
Gravitational self-force on a particle in eccentric orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole
We present a numerical code for calculating the local gravitational self-force acting on a pointlike particle in a generic (bound) geodesic orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole. The calculation is carried out in the Lorenz gauge: For a given geodesic orbit, we decompose the Lorenz-gauge metric perturbation equations (sourced by the delta-function particle) into tensorial harmonics, and solve for each harmonic using numerical evolution in the time domain (in 1+1 dimensions). The physical self-force along the orbit is then obtained via mode-sum regularization. The total self-force contains a dissipative piece as well as a conservative piece, and we describe a simple method for disentangling these two pieces in a time-domain framework. The dissipative component is responsible for the loss of orbital energy and angular momentum through gravitational radiation; as a test of our code we demonstrate that the work done by the dissipative component of the computed force is precisely balanced by the asymptotic fluxes of energy and angular momentum, which we extract independently from the wave-zone numerical solutions. The conservative piece of the self-force does not affect the time-averaged rate of energy and angular-momentum loss, but it influences the evolution of the orbital phases; this piece is calculated here for the first time in eccentric strong-field orbits. As a first concrete application of our code we recently reported the value of the shift in the location and frequency of the innermost stable circular orbit due to the conservative self-force [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 191101 (2009)]. Here we provide full details of this analysis, and discuss future applications.

1550-7998
84021
Barack, Leor
f08e66d4-c2f7-4f2f-91b8-f2c4230d0298
Sago, Norichika
c4baa9a1-e4fb-448e-8818-f7d189ed2773
Barack, Leor
f08e66d4-c2f7-4f2f-91b8-f2c4230d0298
Sago, Norichika
c4baa9a1-e4fb-448e-8818-f7d189ed2773

Barack, Leor and Sago, Norichika (2010) Gravitational self-force on a particle in eccentric orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole. Physical Review D, 81 (8), 84021. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.81.084021).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We present a numerical code for calculating the local gravitational self-force acting on a pointlike particle in a generic (bound) geodesic orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole. The calculation is carried out in the Lorenz gauge: For a given geodesic orbit, we decompose the Lorenz-gauge metric perturbation equations (sourced by the delta-function particle) into tensorial harmonics, and solve for each harmonic using numerical evolution in the time domain (in 1+1 dimensions). The physical self-force along the orbit is then obtained via mode-sum regularization. The total self-force contains a dissipative piece as well as a conservative piece, and we describe a simple method for disentangling these two pieces in a time-domain framework. The dissipative component is responsible for the loss of orbital energy and angular momentum through gravitational radiation; as a test of our code we demonstrate that the work done by the dissipative component of the computed force is precisely balanced by the asymptotic fluxes of energy and angular momentum, which we extract independently from the wave-zone numerical solutions. The conservative piece of the self-force does not affect the time-averaged rate of energy and angular-momentum loss, but it influences the evolution of the orbital phases; this piece is calculated here for the first time in eccentric strong-field orbits. As a first concrete application of our code we recently reported the value of the shift in the location and frequency of the innermost stable circular orbit due to the conservative self-force [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 191101 (2009)]. Here we provide full details of this analysis, and discuss future applications.

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More information

Published date: 15 April 2010
Organisations: Applied Mathematics

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 173679
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/173679
ISSN: 1550-7998
PURE UUID: 1e6c518c-412f-4cf6-8225-185517a87a19
ORCID for Leor Barack: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4742-9413

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 07 Feb 2011 09:30
Last modified: 29 Oct 2019 01:50

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