Abdelsalam, M.E., Bartlett, P.N., Baumberg, J.J. and Coyle, S
Preparation of arrays of isolated spherical cavities by self-assembly of polystyrene spheres on self-assembled pre-patterned macroporous films
Advanced Materials, 16, (1), . (doi:10.1002/adma.200306052).
Self-assembly of colloidal spheres onto patterned (e.g., lithographically modified ) substrates is a promising approach to prepare complex 3D geometries (e.g., assemble colloidal spheres into square pyramidal shapes) that can not be produced by self-assembly of colloidal spheres on flat substrates. Generally self-assembly alone is restricted to the formation of close-packed 2D and 3D arrays of colloidal particles and does not lead to more complex lattice types and geometries. A certain degree of control over colloidal self-assembly has been achieved through external electric or intense optical fields and by manipulating the interaction potential. Here we demonstrate a simple scheme that combines two self-assembly steps and electrochemical deposition to produce patterns of ordered arrays of spheres with controlled spacing and eventually isolated metallic arrays of spherical cavities.
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