Ersser, S.J., Getliffe, K., Voegeli, D. and Regan, S.
A critical review of the inter-relationship between skin vulnerability and urinary incontinence and related nursing intervention
International Journal of Nursing Studies, 42, (7), . (doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2004.12.003).
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The literature reveals there has been limited critical discussion of the inter-relationship between urinary incontinence, the vulnerability of the skin and the clinical implications. This paper critically re-examines the literature to identify and apply relevant scientific principles and evidence to inform effective intervention. It includes background on the structure, function and disruption to the skin's barrier. The implications for fundamental and largely taken-for-granted nursing practices, such as washing the skin, are examined. The current state of knowledge is analysed, specifying the types of evidence available and its weaknesses, highlighting implications for a research agenda.
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