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An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study

Ogilvie, David, Bull, Fiona, Powell, Jane, Cooper, Ashley R., Brand, Christian, Mutrie, Nanette, Preston, J.M. and Rutter, Harry (2011) An applied ecological framework for evaluating infrastructure to promote walking and cycling: the iConnect study American Journal of Public Health, 101, (3), pp. 473-481. (doi:10.2105/ajph.2010.198002).

Record type: Article


Improving infrastructure for walking and cycling is increasingly recommended as a means to promote physical activity, prevent obesity, and reduce traffic congestion and carbon emissions. However, limited evidence from intervention studies exists to support this approach. Drawing on classic epidemiological methods, psychological and ecological models of behavior change, and the principles of realistic evaluation, we have developed an applied ecological framework by which current theories about the behavioral effects of environmental change may be tested in heterogeneous and complex intervention settings. Our framework guides study design and analysis by specifying the most important data to be collected and relations to be tested to confirm or refute specific hypotheses and thereby refine the underlying theories

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Published date: March 2011


Local EPrints ID: 176299
PURE UUID: 48ed3cc9-67e6-417e-a025-df8095f3652b
ORCID for J.M. Preston: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 07 Mar 2011 13:12
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:08

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Author: David Ogilvie
Author: Fiona Bull
Author: Jane Powell
Author: Ashley R. Cooper
Author: Christian Brand
Author: Nanette Mutrie
Author: J.M. Preston ORCID iD
Author: Harry Rutter

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