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Individual differences in the cortisol response to stress in young healthy men: Testing the roles of perceived stress reactivity and threat appraisal using multiphase latent growth curve modeling

Individual differences in the cortisol response to stress in young healthy men: Testing the roles of perceived stress reactivity and threat appraisal using multiphase latent growth curve modeling
Individual differences in the cortisol response to stress in young healthy men: Testing the roles of perceived stress reactivity and threat appraisal using multiphase latent growth curve modeling
Individual differences in stress reactivity and cognitive appraisal processes are thought to explain part of the heterogeneity in stress responses. This study investigated how perceived typical stress reactivity and momentary cognitive appraisal affect salivary cortisol responses to a laboratory performance stressor with social evaluation in 66 male non-smokers. Multiphase latent growth curve models showed positive associations of perceived stress reactivity and primary appraisal with cortisol responses. An age-adjusted path analysis suggested that primary appraisal mediated the effect of perceived reactivity to social evaluation on cortisol responses, and that effects of primary appraisal were attenuated at high levels of perceived reactivity. Our results suggest that individuals who report that they typically show strong perceived emotional, cognitive and autonomic responses to social evaluative stress tend to perceive the prospect of having to perform in front of an audience as more threatening, and that this appraisal then leads to stronger cortisol responses.
individual differences, stress response, perceived stress reactivity, cognitive appraisal, trier social stress test (tsst), hpa axis, salivary cortisol, multiphase growth curve model
0301-0511
257-264
Schlotz, Wolff
49499d5e-4ff4-4ad3-b5f7-eec11b25b5db
Hammerfald, Karin
a4b35c8b-881f-4aaf-9eb4-f1151104cf20
Ehlert, Ulrike
06a2227a-36be-4942-acdb-a55891b7c286
Gaab, Jens
b3537863-90b1-49a4-b751-1d8c3c4f9456
Schlotz, Wolff
49499d5e-4ff4-4ad3-b5f7-eec11b25b5db
Hammerfald, Karin
a4b35c8b-881f-4aaf-9eb4-f1151104cf20
Ehlert, Ulrike
06a2227a-36be-4942-acdb-a55891b7c286
Gaab, Jens
b3537863-90b1-49a4-b751-1d8c3c4f9456

Schlotz, Wolff, Hammerfald, Karin, Ehlert, Ulrike and Gaab, Jens (2011) Individual differences in the cortisol response to stress in young healthy men: Testing the roles of perceived stress reactivity and threat appraisal using multiphase latent growth curve modeling. Biological Psychology, 87 (2), 257-264. (doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.03.005). (PMID:21419825)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Individual differences in stress reactivity and cognitive appraisal processes are thought to explain part of the heterogeneity in stress responses. This study investigated how perceived typical stress reactivity and momentary cognitive appraisal affect salivary cortisol responses to a laboratory performance stressor with social evaluation in 66 male non-smokers. Multiphase latent growth curve models showed positive associations of perceived stress reactivity and primary appraisal with cortisol responses. An age-adjusted path analysis suggested that primary appraisal mediated the effect of perceived reactivity to social evaluation on cortisol responses, and that effects of primary appraisal were attenuated at high levels of perceived reactivity. Our results suggest that individuals who report that they typically show strong perceived emotional, cognitive and autonomic responses to social evaluative stress tend to perceive the prospect of having to perform in front of an audience as more threatening, and that this appraisal then leads to stronger cortisol responses.

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Published date: May 2011
Keywords: individual differences, stress response, perceived stress reactivity, cognitive appraisal, trier social stress test (tsst), hpa axis, salivary cortisol, multiphase growth curve model

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Local EPrints ID: 176757
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/176757
ISSN: 0301-0511
PURE UUID: 0e7c9d9f-04e7-40d4-887d-450a3b5ac2b3

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Date deposited: 23 Mar 2011 09:32
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:07

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Contributors

Author: Wolff Schlotz
Author: Karin Hammerfald
Author: Ulrike Ehlert
Author: Jens Gaab

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