The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The abrasion of modern and archaeological bones by mobile sediments: the importance of transport modes.

Thompson, C.E.L., Ball, S., Thompson, T.J.U. and Gowland, R (2011) The abrasion of modern and archaeological bones by mobile sediments: the importance of transport modes. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38, (4), pp. 784-793. (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2010.11.001).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Fresh, weathered, archaeological and fossilized bones were subjected to a series of abrasion experiments using fine sand in an annular flume in order to link bone-surface abrasion to flow regimes and sediment transport modes, compare these effects on bones of different states, and quantify the extent and types of wear occurring. Flow velocities were chosen to replicate the predominant transport modes of bedload, saltation and suspension.

Comparative scanning electron microscopic image analysis was performed to assess the degree and type of wear occurring on each bone type for the different transport modes over a range of exposure periods from 24 to 72 h.

These preliminary investigations have shown that both the amount and type of wear experienced was related to the bone type, duration of exposure and the mode of sediment transport with wear being the result of deformation, rather than cutting wear.

The formation of scour pits in the sand bed on the upstream side of the bone samples significantly reduced wear, and appears to be an important control mechanism for impact related wear that has been overlooked until now.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: April 2011

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 177177
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/177177
ISSN: 0305-4403
PURE UUID: f7198abb-adfc-47b2-a149-57ff2534df92

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Mar 2011 16:23
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:06

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: C.E.L. Thompson
Author: S. Ball
Author: T.J.U. Thompson
Author: R Gowland

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×