Burridge, J.H., Mann, G.E., Malone, L. and Taylor, P.N.
A randomised controlled pilot study to investigate the effect of
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation on upper limb function and hand
sensation following stroke
In 7th Annual Conference of the International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society. Proceedings.
International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society., .
Full text not available from this repository.
The objectives of this study were to compare the effect on
upper limb function of cyclic neuromuscular electrical
stimulation of the elbow, wrist and finger extensors with
passive stretching exercises through a similar range of
movement. Data collected and experience gained will be
used to design a prospective, larger scale randomised
controlled trial (RCT). Twenty-two individuals with
hemiplegia as a result of a stroke during the previous
twelve months were randomly allocated into stimulation
(treatment) and passive stretching (control) groups. In the
treatment group, stimulation was applied to triceps and
wrist and finger extensors. Subjects in the control group
were taught stretching exercises. Primary outcome
measure was the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT).
Sensation was tested using two-point discrimination.
Mean increase in ARAT score between 0 and 12weeks:
treatment group (n=11) 17.5 points, control group (n=11)
4.6 points. Non-parametric tests (Mann Whitney U)
showed a statistically significant difference between the
two groups p=0.002 at 12 weeks. A significant difference
in sensation scores was also identified between the two
groups (P=0.034) at 12 weeks. No significant differences
were identified in any of the outcome measures at 24
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