The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Guidelines for the management of the foot health problems associated with rheumatoid arthritis

Williams, Anita E., Davies, Samantha, Graham, Andrea, Longrigg, Kerry, Lyons, Caroline and Bowen, Catherine (2011) Guidelines for the management of the foot health problems associated with rheumatoid arthritis Musculoskeletal Care, 10, (1002) (doi:10.1002/(ISSN)1557-0681). (PMID:21259413).

Record type: Article


Background. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as a chronic systemic disease, commonly affects the feet, impacting negatively on patients' quality of life. Specialist podiatrists have a prime role to play in the assessment and management of foot and ankle problems within this patient group. However, it has been identified that in many areas there is no specialist podiatry service, with many patients being managed by non-specialist podiatrists. Therefore, the North West Clinical Effectiveness Group for the Foot in Rheumatic Diseases (NWCEG) identified the need to develop 'practitioner facing' guidelines for the management of specific foot health problems associated with RA. Methods. Members of a guideline development group from the NWCEG each reviewed the evidence for specific aspects of the assessment and management of foot problems. Where evidence was lacking, 'expert opinion' was obtained from the members of the NWCEG and added as a consensus on current and best practice. An iterative approach was employed, with the results being reviewed and revised by all members of the group and external reviewers before the final guideline document was produced. Results. The management of specific foot problems (callus, nail pathology, ulceration) and the use of specific interventions (foot orthoses, footwear, patient education, steroid injection therapy) are detailed and standards in relation to each are provided. A diagrammatic screening pathway is presented, with the aim of guiding non-specialist podiatrists through the complexity of assessing and managing those patients with problems requiring input from a specialist podiatrist and other members of the rheumatology multidisciplinary team. Conclusion. This pragmatic approach ensured that the guidelines were relevant and applicable to current practice as 'best practice', based on the available evidence from the literature and consensus expert opinion. These guidelines provide both specialist and non-specialist podiatrists with the essential and 'gold standard' aspects of managing people with RA-related foot problems.

PDF Guidelines_for_RA_foot_msc200[2].pdf - Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only
Download (181kB)

More information

Published date: 24 January 2011
Keywords: feet, guidelines, rheumatoid arthritis


Local EPrints ID: 178427
ISSN: 1478-2189
PURE UUID: df82abd6-1982-45e0-bf11-e0e8783d5a14
ORCID for Catherine Bowen: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 Mar 2011 08:42
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:04

Export record



Author: Anita E. Williams
Author: Samantha Davies
Author: Andrea Graham
Author: Kerry Longrigg
Author: Caroline Lyons
Author: Catherine Bowen ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.