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Development of a questionnaire (EORTC module) to measure quality of life in patients with cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer, the EORTC QLQ-BIL21

Friend, E., Yadegarfar, G., Byrne, C., Johnson, C.D., Sezer, O., Pucciarelli, S., Pereira, S.P., Chie, W-C., Banfield, A. and Ramage, J.K. (2011) Development of a questionnaire (EORTC module) to measure quality of life in patients with cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer, the EORTC QLQ-BIL21 British Journal of Cancer, 104, (4), pp. 587-592. (doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6606086). (PMID:21266979).

Record type: Article


Background: Quality of life measurement in cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer involves the assessment of patient-reported issues related to the symptoms, disease and treatment of these tumours. This study describes the development of the disease-specific quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for patients with cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer to supplement the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)-QLQ C30 core cancer questionnaire.

Methods: Phases 1–3 of the guidelines for module development published by the EORTC were followed, with adaptations for incorporation of questions from existing modules.

Results: A total of 47 QoL issues (questions) were identified; 44 questions from the two related validated questionnaires, the EORTC QLQ-PAN26 (pancreatic module) and the EORTC QLQ-LMC21 (liver metastases module), two from the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy hepatobiliary module questionnaire in the literature search and one from healthcare professional interviews. Following phase 1 and 2 interviews with patients (n=101) and health care professionals (n=6), a 23-question provisional questionnaire was formulated. There were five questions from PAN26, 15 from LMC21 and three extra questions. In phase 3, the provisional item list was pre-tested in 52 patients in four languages and this resulted in a 21-item module.

Conclusion: This is the only disease-specific QoL questionnaire for patients with cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer, and initial assessments show it to be accurate and acceptable to patients in reflecting QoL in these diseases.

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Published date: 15 February 2011
Keywords: cholangiocarcinoma, gall bladder cancer, quality of life


Local EPrints ID: 179319
ISSN: 0007-0920
PURE UUID: b50953f7-2489-48cc-b582-66f21a10ead1

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Date deposited: 01 Apr 2011 08:39
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:03

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Author: E. Friend
Author: G. Yadegarfar
Author: C. Byrne
Author: C.D. Johnson
Author: O. Sezer
Author: S. Pucciarelli
Author: S.P. Pereira
Author: W-C. Chie
Author: A. Banfield
Author: J.K. Ramage

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