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Reported stigma and discrimination by people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia

Record type: Article

Aims. This article examines the extent of stigma and discrimination as reported by people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. The hypothesis is that when people express in their own words the discrimination they experience such discrimination will be found to be widespread.

Methods. Seventy-five people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia from 15 different countries were interviewed with a mixed methods instrument to assess reported discrimination. The data were analysed for frequency counts and then a thematic analysis was performed. A conceptual map is provided.

Results. The study was a cross-cultural one but, contrary to expectations, few transnational differences were found. The main hypothesis was supported. Conversely, we found that when participants reported ‘positive discrimination’, this could as easily be conceptualised as being treated similarly to how others in society would expect to be treated.

Conclusion. Negative discrimination is ubiquitous and sometimes connotatively very strong, with reports of humiliation and abuse. ‘Positive discrimination’ conversely indicates that people with a mental illness diagnosis expect discrimination and are grateful when it does not occur. The literature on self-stigma is discussed and found wanting. Similarly, the theory that contact with mentally ill people reduces stigma and discrimination is not fully supported by our results.

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Citation

Rose, D., Willis, R., Brohan, E., Sartorius, N., Villares, C., Wahlbeck, K. and Thornicroft, G. (2011) Reported stigma and discrimination by people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 20, (2), pp. 193-204. (doi:10.1017/S2045796011000254).

More information

Published date: 2011
Keywords: behaviour, consumers', views, discrimination, schizophrenia, stigma

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 179783
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/179783
ISSN: 2045-7960
PURE UUID: 856c6383-d72a-49a3-bb66-387290bf71db
ORCID for R. Willis: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6687-5799

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Apr 2011 14:16
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:02

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Contributors

Author: D. Rose
Author: R. Willis ORCID iD
Author: E. Brohan
Author: N. Sartorius
Author: C. Villares
Author: K. Wahlbeck
Author: G. Thornicroft

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