Convergence versus divergence of CSR in developing countries: an embedded multi-layered institutional lens

Jamali, Dima and Neville, Ben (2011) Convergence versus divergence of CSR in developing countries: an embedded multi-layered institutional lens Journal of Business Ethics, 102, (4), pp. 599-621. (doi:10.1007/s10551-011-0830-0).


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This paper capitalizes on an institutional perspective to analyze corporate social responsibility (CSR) orientations in the Lebanese context. Specifically, the paper compiles a new theoretical framework drawing on a multi-level model of institutional flows by Scott (Institutions and organizations: ideas and interests, 2008) and the explicit/implicit CSR model by Matten and Moon (Acad Manag Rev 33(2):404–424, 2008). This new theoretical framework is then used to explore the CSR convergence versus divergence question in a developing country context. The findings highlight the usefulness of the compiled multi-layered institutional framework and the varied nuances and profound insights it offers in analyzing CSR in context. They also suggest that a cosmetic level of global convergence in explicit CSR may materialize in light of mimetic isomorphic pressures, but that the path dependence hypothesis is indeed salient in light of national history trajectories and socio-politico configurations. The findings correspond most closely to patterns of CSR crossvergence, combining elements of both convergence and divergence, and reflecting in complex hybridized CSR expressions. The findings and their implications are presented and assessed.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1007/s10551-011-0830-0
ISSNs: 0167-4544 (print)
Keywords: corporate social responsibility (CSR), institutional theory, convergence, divergence, multinational corporations (MNCs), small and medium enterprises (SMEs), developing countries

Organisations: Southampton Business School
ePrint ID: 180539
Date :
Date Event
April 2011Published
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2011 08:33
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2017 02:31
Further Information:Google Scholar

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