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The educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation in Europe

Perelli-Harris, Brienna, Sigle-Rushton, Wendy, Lappegard, Trude, Keizer, Renske, Kreyenfeld, Michaela and Berghammer, Caroline (2010) The educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation in Europe Population and Development Review, 36, (4), pp. 775-801. (doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2010.00357.x).

Record type: Article


Nearly every European Country has experienced some increase in nonmarital childbearing, largely due to increasing births within cohabitation. Relatively few studies in Europe, however, investigate the educational gradient of childbearing within cohabitation or how it changed over time. Using retrospective union and fertility histories, we employ competing risk hazard models to examine the educational gradient of childbearing in cohabitation in eight countries across europe. In all countries studied, birth risks within cohabitation demonstrated a negative educational gradient. When directly comparing cohabiting fertility with marital fertility, the negative educational gradient persists in all countries except Italy, although differences were not significant in Austria, France, and West Germany. To explain these findings, we present an alternative explanation for the increase in childbearing within cohabitation that goes beyond the explanation of the Second Demographic Transition and provides a new interpretation of the underlying mechanisms that may influence childbearing within cohabitation.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 15 December 2010
Published date: December 2010
Organisations: Social Sciences


Local EPrints ID: 180905
ISSN: 0098-7921
PURE UUID: a7dc6408-a186-467b-9c76-b13fe53ece60

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Date deposited: 12 Apr 2011 14:49
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 12:00

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Author: Wendy Sigle-Rushton
Author: Trude Lappegard
Author: Renske Keizer
Author: Michaela Kreyenfeld
Author: Caroline Berghammer

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