The influences of coping mechanisms and a positive outlook in periods of economic uncertainty
At Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, United States.
01 - 03 Apr 2004.
Full text not available from this repository.
While aggregate studies have shown a correlation between economic crisis and fertility decline, few micro-level studies have demonstrated a direct link between economic uncertainty and fertility preferences and behavior. Russia, which is experiencing very low fertility is one such case; there is no support for a direct link between labor force participation and fertility behavior on the micro-level. In this paper, I provide evidence that previously unexplored coping mechanisms and positive psychological attitudes significantly predict fertility dynamics in Russia, while conventional methods of operationalizing economic uncertainty do not. Using the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, I analyze the relationship between coping mechanisms and indicators of positive outlook on both desired fertility and additional childbearing behavior for women of reproductive age. These results reveal how people take charge of their lives, regardless of the structural changes that create strain and hardship
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