Tanser, Frank, Hosegood, Victoria, Barnighausen, Till, Herbst, Kobus, Nyirenda, Makandwe, Muhwava, William, Newell, Colin, Viljoen, Johannes, Mutevedzi, Tinofa and Newell, Marie-Louise
Cohort profile: Africa centre demographic information systems (ACDIS) and population-based HIV survey
International Journal of Epidemiology, 37, (5), . (doi:10.1093/ije/dym211). (PMID:17998242).
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The health and demography of the South African population has been undergoing substantial changes as a result of the rapidly progressing HIV epidemic. Researchers at the University of KwaZulu-Natal and the South African Medical Research Council established The Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies in 1997 funded by a large core grant from The Wellcome Trust, UK. Given the urgent need for high quality longitudinal data with which to monitor these changes, and with which to evaluate interventions to mitigate impact, a demographic surveillance system (DSS) was established in a rural South African population facing a rapid and severe HIV epidemic. 1 The DSS, referred to as the Africa Centre Demographic Information System (ACDIS), started in 2000. In 2003, population-based HIV testing (also funded by the Wellcome Trust, UK) was started in ACDIS through annual surveys. In this article, we seek to describe the most salient features of ACDIS and the population-based HIV cohort and briefly present some of the most important results to date.
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