The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository
Warning ePrints Soton is experiencing an issue with some file downloads not being available. We are working hard to fix this. Please bear with us.

Spiritual belief, social support, physical functioning and depression among older people in Bulgaria and Romania

Spiritual belief, social support, physical functioning and depression among older people in Bulgaria and Romania
Spiritual belief, social support, physical functioning and depression among older people in Bulgaria and Romania
Objectives: An exploratory investigation is reported into the role of spirituality and religious practice in protecting against depression among older people living in rural villages in Bulgaria and Romania, two neighbouring countries with similar cultural, political and religious histories, but with differing levels of current religiosity. Methods: In both countries, interviews were conducted with samples of 160 persons of 60 years and over in villages of similar socio-economic status. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression-D scale and the Royal Free Interview for Religious and Spiritual Beliefs were used to assess depression and spiritual belief and practice respectively. In addition social support, physical functioning and the presence of chronic diseases were assessed. One year later, follow-up interviews were conducted with 58 of the original sample in Bulgaria, in which additional measures of depression and of spiritual belief and practice were also included. Results: The study demonstrates, as expected, significantly lower levels of spiritual belief in the Bulgarian sample (Bulgarian mean 29.7 (SD = 19.1), Romanian mean 47.6 (SD = 11.2), t = 10.2, p < 0.001), as well as significantly higher levels of depression (Bulgarian mean 12.0 (SD = 4.9), Romanian mean 7.3 (SD = 4.1), t = 9.3, p < 0.001), the latter attributable in large part to higher morbidity and disability rates, but less evidently to differences in strength of belief. However, analyses from both the cross-sectional study and the one-year follow-up of the Bulgarian sample do suggest that spiritual belief and practice may both influence and reflect physical and mental illness. Conclusions: Much of Eastern Europe displays high rates of depression among its older population and provides opportunities for investigation of the role of religious belief and practice in preventing and coping with depression. Further research is encouraged in populations of diverse religiosity.
religion, Eastern Europe, social change, coping, mental health
1360-7863
327-333
Coleman, Peter G.
1c55586e-c367-470c-b14b-832edb75c0ce
Carare, Roxana O.
0478c197-b0c1-4206-acae-54e88c8f21fa
Petrov, Ignat
b109e689-8f8b-432e-8b36-20200753bd2e
Forbes, Elizabeth
73c8e086-0bc6-44e5-a8ce-483a32920d0d
Saigal, Anita
e0777b79-50e5-4515-92ea-f5cc72c23a91
Spreadbury, John H.
a268ce9f-941e-465a-9a33-6cdcbb4958d9
Yap, Andrea
0a3f8e06-c15e-4dc9-a174-4e0026f5fdc6
Kendrick, Tony
c697a72c-c698-469d-8ac2-f00df40583e5
Coleman, Peter G.
1c55586e-c367-470c-b14b-832edb75c0ce
Carare, Roxana O.
0478c197-b0c1-4206-acae-54e88c8f21fa
Petrov, Ignat
b109e689-8f8b-432e-8b36-20200753bd2e
Forbes, Elizabeth
73c8e086-0bc6-44e5-a8ce-483a32920d0d
Saigal, Anita
e0777b79-50e5-4515-92ea-f5cc72c23a91
Spreadbury, John H.
a268ce9f-941e-465a-9a33-6cdcbb4958d9
Yap, Andrea
0a3f8e06-c15e-4dc9-a174-4e0026f5fdc6
Kendrick, Tony
c697a72c-c698-469d-8ac2-f00df40583e5

Coleman, Peter G., Carare, Roxana O., Petrov, Ignat, Forbes, Elizabeth, Saigal, Anita, Spreadbury, John H., Yap, Andrea and Kendrick, Tony (2011) Spiritual belief, social support, physical functioning and depression among older people in Bulgaria and Romania. Aging & Mental Health, 15 (3), 327-333. (doi:10.1080/13607863.2010.519320). (PMID:21491217)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objectives: An exploratory investigation is reported into the role of spirituality and religious practice in protecting against depression among older people living in rural villages in Bulgaria and Romania, two neighbouring countries with similar cultural, political and religious histories, but with differing levels of current religiosity. Methods: In both countries, interviews were conducted with samples of 160 persons of 60 years and over in villages of similar socio-economic status. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression-D scale and the Royal Free Interview for Religious and Spiritual Beliefs were used to assess depression and spiritual belief and practice respectively. In addition social support, physical functioning and the presence of chronic diseases were assessed. One year later, follow-up interviews were conducted with 58 of the original sample in Bulgaria, in which additional measures of depression and of spiritual belief and practice were also included. Results: The study demonstrates, as expected, significantly lower levels of spiritual belief in the Bulgarian sample (Bulgarian mean 29.7 (SD = 19.1), Romanian mean 47.6 (SD = 11.2), t = 10.2, p < 0.001), as well as significantly higher levels of depression (Bulgarian mean 12.0 (SD = 4.9), Romanian mean 7.3 (SD = 4.1), t = 9.3, p < 0.001), the latter attributable in large part to higher morbidity and disability rates, but less evidently to differences in strength of belief. However, analyses from both the cross-sectional study and the one-year follow-up of the Bulgarian sample do suggest that spiritual belief and practice may both influence and reflect physical and mental illness. Conclusions: Much of Eastern Europe displays high rates of depression among its older population and provides opportunities for investigation of the role of religious belief and practice in preventing and coping with depression. Further research is encouraged in populations of diverse religiosity.

Text
Submission_03.02.10.pdf - Other
Download (290kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 21 July 2010
Published date: 11 April 2011
Keywords: religion, Eastern Europe, social change, coping, mental health
Organisations: Primary Care & Population Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 181827
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/181827
ISSN: 1360-7863
PURE UUID: 2b11c4fa-17f7-4b39-9cbe-4ca489ea984c
ORCID for Roxana O. Carare: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6458-3776
ORCID for Tony Kendrick: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1618-9381

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Apr 2011 10:56
Last modified: 21 Nov 2021 02:48

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Ignat Petrov
Author: Elizabeth Forbes
Author: Anita Saigal
Author: John H. Spreadbury
Author: Andrea Yap
Author: Tony Kendrick ORCID iD

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×