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Implicit associations for fear-relevant stimuli among individuals with snake and spider fears

Implicit associations for fear-relevant stimuli among individuals with snake and spider fears
Implicit associations for fear-relevant stimuli among individuals with snake and spider fears
This study investigated an implicit measure of cognitive processing, the Implicit Association Test (IAT; A. G. Greenwald, D. E. McGhee, & J. L. K. Schwartz, 1988), as a measure of fear-related automatic associations. Sixty-seven students with snake or spider fears completed 4 IAT tasks in which they classified pictures of snakes and spiders along with descriptive words indicating valence, fear, danger, or disgust.
Results indicated that all 4 tasks discriminated between fear groups in terms of their implicit associations, and fear-specific effects were significant even after controlling for the impact of valence evaluation. Findings are discussed in terms of applications of the IAT methodology to examine cognitive processing and schemata in anxiety and potential uses for assessing anxiety disorders.
226-235
Teachman, Bethany A.
eb565692-7730-422a-9f1f-102bb4a63bf6
Gregg, Aiden P.
1b03bb58-b3a5-4852-a177-29e4f633b063
Woody, Sheila R.
292186ed-7063-4a5e-a967-040448b1db10
Teachman, Bethany A.
eb565692-7730-422a-9f1f-102bb4a63bf6
Gregg, Aiden P.
1b03bb58-b3a5-4852-a177-29e4f633b063
Woody, Sheila R.
292186ed-7063-4a5e-a967-040448b1db10

Teachman, Bethany A., Gregg, Aiden P. and Woody, Sheila R. (2001) Implicit associations for fear-relevant stimuli among individuals with snake and spider fears. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 110 (2), 226-235. (doi:10.1037/0021-843X.110.2.226).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This study investigated an implicit measure of cognitive processing, the Implicit Association Test (IAT; A. G. Greenwald, D. E. McGhee, & J. L. K. Schwartz, 1988), as a measure of fear-related automatic associations. Sixty-seven students with snake or spider fears completed 4 IAT tasks in which they classified pictures of snakes and spiders along with descriptive words indicating valence, fear, danger, or disgust.
Results indicated that all 4 tasks discriminated between fear groups in terms of their implicit associations, and fear-specific effects were significant even after controlling for the impact of valence evaluation. Findings are discussed in terms of applications of the IAT methodology to examine cognitive processing and schemata in anxiety and potential uses for assessing anxiety disorders.

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Published date: May 2001

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 18193
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18193
PURE UUID: acd5ed53-b910-4ca2-b594-2daf09b9d675

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Date deposited: 19 Jan 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:36

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