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Attentional bias in drug dependence: vigilance for cigarette-related cues in smokers

Attentional bias in drug dependence: vigilance for cigarette-related cues in smokers
Attentional bias in drug dependence: vigilance for cigarette-related cues in smokers
Two experiments investigated attentional biases for smoking-related cues in smokers and nonsmokers, using the visual probe task. In Experiment 1, when pictures were displayed for 500 ms, smokers who had made repeated quit attempts showed an attentional bias for smoking-related scenes. Experiment 2 replicated this finding and revealed that when pictures were presented for 2,000 ms, the smoker group as a whole showed vigilance for smoking-related cues, but nonsmokers did not. The findings from the 500-ms exposure condition suggest that initial orienting of attention to smoking cues was associated with repeated unsuccessful attempts at abstinence in smokers. Results are discussed with reference to incentive-sensitization theories of addiction and to component processes of selective attention, such as initial orienting versus maintenance.
0893-164X
66-72
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30
Wright, Tamsin
5b5475fa-bf90-4b88-9a26-6192e36f27fe
Field, Matt
3d351fd0-5796-40b5-a1ff-3f1b0fca3889
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30
Wright, Tamsin
5b5475fa-bf90-4b88-9a26-6192e36f27fe
Field, Matt
3d351fd0-5796-40b5-a1ff-3f1b0fca3889

Bradley, Brendan P., Mogg, Karin, Wright, Tamsin and Field, Matt (2003) Attentional bias in drug dependence: vigilance for cigarette-related cues in smokers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 17 (1), 66-72.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Two experiments investigated attentional biases for smoking-related cues in smokers and nonsmokers, using the visual probe task. In Experiment 1, when pictures were displayed for 500 ms, smokers who had made repeated quit attempts showed an attentional bias for smoking-related scenes. Experiment 2 replicated this finding and revealed that when pictures were presented for 2,000 ms, the smoker group as a whole showed vigilance for smoking-related cues, but nonsmokers did not. The findings from the 500-ms exposure condition suggest that initial orienting of attention to smoking cues was associated with repeated unsuccessful attempts at abstinence in smokers. Results are discussed with reference to incentive-sensitization theories of addiction and to component processes of selective attention, such as initial orienting versus maintenance.

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Published date: March 2003

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 18202
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18202
ISSN: 0893-164X
PURE UUID: 941072a0-82c0-46c3-8368-049cfe3281d0
ORCID for Brendan P. Bradley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-4271

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Jan 2006
Last modified: 18 May 2019 00:36

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