The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Ethnic density effects on birth outcomes and maternal smoking during pregnancy in the US linked birth and infant death data set

Shaw, Richard J., Pickett, Kate E. and Wilkinson, Richard G. (2010) Ethnic density effects on birth outcomes and maternal smoking during pregnancy in the US linked birth and infant death data set American Journal of Public Health, 100, (4), pp. 707-713. (doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.167114). (PMID:20167891).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objectives. We investigated whether mothers from ethnic minority groups have better pregnancy outcomes when they live in counties with higher densities of people from the same ethnic group—despite such areas tending to be more socioeconomically deprived.

Methods. In a population-based US study, we used multilevel logistic regression analysis to test whether same-ethnic density was associated with maternal smoking in pregnancy, low birthweight, preterm delivery, and infant mortality among 581 151 Black and 763 201 Hispanic mothers and their infants, with adjustment for maternal and area-level characteristics.

Results. Higher levels of same-ethnic density were associated with reduced odds of infant mortality among Hispanic mothers, and reduced odds of smoking during pregnancy for US-born Hispanic and Black mothers. For Black mothers, moderate levels of same-ethnic density were associated with increased risk of low birthweight and preterm delivery; high levels of same ethnic density had no additional effect.

Conclusions. Our results suggest that for Hispanic mothers, in contrast to Black mothers, the advantages of shared culture, social networks, and social capital protect maternal and infant health.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: February 2010

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 183007
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/183007
PURE UUID: f00d5b53-cdf8-42e2-84b8-ec6f80d947ab

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 Apr 2011 13:31
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:56

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Richard J. Shaw
Author: Kate E. Pickett
Author: Richard G. Wilkinson

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×