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Prior depth information can bias motion perception

Prior depth information can bias motion perception
Prior depth information can bias motion perception
Previous studies of the motion aperture problem have shown that the direction of grating motion can be biased by using binocular disparity to designate borders of the aperture as intrinsic (belonging to the grating) or extrinsic (resulting from occlusion of the grating). Observers report motion in the direction of the extrinsic border, as if the grating was extended and moving underneath an occluding surface. Here we investigate whether prior information about depth ordering, given by structure-from-motion, can bias the perceived motion direction of a subsequent moving grating in a similar manner. We presented an aperture stimulus that rotated about its vertical and horizontal axes, revealing the depth relationships (intrinsic and extrinsic) of the aperture borders. The grating then translated within the aperture and observers reported the direction of perceived motion. The test stimulus contained no information about the depth ordering of the scene. We found that observers’ reported motion shifted toward the direction of the occluding edges, consistent with the intrinsic-extrinsic border predictions. These results indicate that prior scene information, not just depth information explicitly defined in the test stimulus, is used to help solve the motion aperture problem.
aperture problem, motion, depth ordering, feedback
1534-7362
427-433
Graf, Erich W.
1a5123e2-8f05-4084-a6e6-837dcfc66209
Adams, Wendy J.
25685aaa-fc54-4d25-8d65-f35f4c5ab688
Lages, Martin
81217bd3-60d0-491b-aff8-047d6e26a676
Graf, Erich W.
1a5123e2-8f05-4084-a6e6-837dcfc66209
Adams, Wendy J.
25685aaa-fc54-4d25-8d65-f35f4c5ab688
Lages, Martin
81217bd3-60d0-491b-aff8-047d6e26a676

Graf, Erich W., Adams, Wendy J. and Lages, Martin (2004) Prior depth information can bias motion perception Journal of Vision, 4, (6), pp. 427-433.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Previous studies of the motion aperture problem have shown that the direction of grating motion can be biased by using binocular disparity to designate borders of the aperture as intrinsic (belonging to the grating) or extrinsic (resulting from occlusion of the grating). Observers report motion in the direction of the extrinsic border, as if the grating was extended and moving underneath an occluding surface. Here we investigate whether prior information about depth ordering, given by structure-from-motion, can bias the perceived motion direction of a subsequent moving grating in a similar manner. We presented an aperture stimulus that rotated about its vertical and horizontal axes, revealing the depth relationships (intrinsic and extrinsic) of the aperture borders. The grating then translated within the aperture and observers reported the direction of perceived motion. The test stimulus contained no information about the depth ordering of the scene. We found that observers’ reported motion shifted toward the direction of the occluding edges, consistent with the intrinsic-extrinsic border predictions. These results indicate that prior scene information, not just depth information explicitly defined in the test stimulus, is used to help solve the motion aperture problem.

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More information

Published date: 19 May 2004
Keywords: aperture problem, motion, depth ordering, feedback

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 18302
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18302
ISSN: 1534-7362
PURE UUID: 15fdf974-3a78-4898-b48a-5a040886abfd
ORCID for Erich W. Graf: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3162-4233
ORCID for Wendy J. Adams: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5832-1056

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 Jan 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:36

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Contributors

Author: Erich W. Graf ORCID iD
Author: Wendy J. Adams ORCID iD
Author: Martin Lages

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