The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Associations between behaviour problems and verbal and non-verbal cognitive abilities and disabilities in early childhood

Record type: Article

Background: We investigated associations between behaviour problems and verbal and nonverbal cognitive abilities at 2, 3 and 4 years of age both for the entire distribution and for the lowest 5% and 10% of the verbal and nonverbal cognitive disabilities.
Methods: A community sample of 4,000 pairs of twins born in England and Wales in 1994 and 1995 was assessed by their parents at 2, 3 and 4 years using the Revised Rutter Parent Scale for Preschool Children (RRPSPC, behaviour problems), the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory (MCDI, verbal development), and the Parent Report of Children's Abilities (PARCA, nonverbal cognitive development).
Results: For the entire sample, behaviour problem scores were modestly associated with lower MCDI and PARCA scores – correlations were less than .30. Similarly modest effect sizes were found for relationships between behaviour problem scores and the lowest 5% and 10% of the MCDI and of the PARCA distributions. Associations were stronger for nonverbal than for verbal development, increased from 2 to 3 to 4 years, and, at the extremes of the distributions, were stronger for boys than for girls. Multivariate genetic analyses indicated that both genetic and shared environmental factors mediate the links between behaviour problems and cognitive development both for the total distribution and for the extremes. Genetic links may be stronger for the extremes than for the total sample.
Conclusions: We conclude that, in this community sample of young children, associations between behaviour problems and verbal and nonverbal cognitive development are generally modest for the entire distribution and are no greater at the extremes than expected on the basis of the associations for the entire distribution.

Full text not available from this repository.

Citation

Plomin, Robert, Price, Thomas S., Eley, Thalia C., Dale, Philip S. and Stevenson, Jim (2002) Associations between behaviour problems and verbal and non-verbal cognitive abilities and disabilities in early childhood Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, (5), pp. 619-634. (doi:10.1111/1469-7610.00051).

More information

Published date: 2002

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 18379
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18379
ISSN: 0021-9630
PURE UUID: 39a74263-910f-4c73-ab69-f23c748877e6

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 06 Jan 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:36

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Robert Plomin
Author: Thomas S. Price
Author: Thalia C. Eley
Author: Philip S. Dale
Author: Jim Stevenson

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×