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Characterisation of sleep problems in children with Williams syndrome

Characterisation of sleep problems in children with Williams syndrome
Characterisation of sleep problems in children with Williams syndrome
Sleep is critical to optimal daytime functioning, learning and general health. In children with established developmental disorders sleep difficulties may compound existing learning difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and syndrome specificity of sleep problems in Williams syndrome (WS), a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting around 1 in 20,000 live births. Parents of 64 children with WS, aged 6–12 years, and 92 age matched healthy controls were surveyed about their child’s sleep habits. The Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire, general health and background information were collected from the parents. Ninety seven percent of parents reported that their children had sleep problems and reported a high prevalence of sleep difficulties: greater bedtime resistance, sleep anxiety, night waking and daytime sleepiness. This is the first study to our knowledge to survey sleep problems in a large cohort of school age children with WS. Sleep problems in children with learning difficulties are often amendable to treatment if diagnosed early. Furthermore the negative impact of sleep disturbances on daytime behaviour and learning should be measured before diagnoses of behaviourally defined disorders are considered.
sleep, genetic disorders, Williams syndrome
0891-4222
164-169
Annaz, Dagmara
ae046ce6-da33-472e-a536-9b8b490852c8
Hill, Catherine M.
867cd0a0-dabc-4152-b4bf-8e9fbc0edf8d
Ashworth, Anna
7de5ce4f-3aaf-480a-a78d-3dc1f33a1a08
Holley, Simone
31ab5e55-d038-4397-a257-687371f945ae
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette
b205fed0-9a5f-4384-8c4d-5cddf8063578
Annaz, Dagmara
ae046ce6-da33-472e-a536-9b8b490852c8
Hill, Catherine M.
867cd0a0-dabc-4152-b4bf-8e9fbc0edf8d
Ashworth, Anna
7de5ce4f-3aaf-480a-a78d-3dc1f33a1a08
Holley, Simone
31ab5e55-d038-4397-a257-687371f945ae
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette
b205fed0-9a5f-4384-8c4d-5cddf8063578

Annaz, Dagmara, Hill, Catherine M., Ashworth, Anna, Holley, Simone and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette (2011) Characterisation of sleep problems in children with Williams syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32 (1), 164-169. (doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2010.09.008). (PMID:20940094)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Sleep is critical to optimal daytime functioning, learning and general health. In children with established developmental disorders sleep difficulties may compound existing learning difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and syndrome specificity of sleep problems in Williams syndrome (WS), a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting around 1 in 20,000 live births. Parents of 64 children with WS, aged 6–12 years, and 92 age matched healthy controls were surveyed about their child’s sleep habits. The Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire, general health and background information were collected from the parents. Ninety seven percent of parents reported that their children had sleep problems and reported a high prevalence of sleep difficulties: greater bedtime resistance, sleep anxiety, night waking and daytime sleepiness. This is the first study to our knowledge to survey sleep problems in a large cohort of school age children with WS. Sleep problems in children with learning difficulties are often amendable to treatment if diagnosed early. Furthermore the negative impact of sleep disturbances on daytime behaviour and learning should be measured before diagnoses of behaviourally defined disorders are considered.

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More information

Published date: January 2011
Keywords: sleep, genetic disorders, Williams syndrome

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 183795
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/183795
ISSN: 0891-4222
PURE UUID: 584fbba2-4f73-4a2a-bf55-b54a7d823391
ORCID for Catherine M. Hill: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2372-5904
ORCID for Simone Holley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4631-2862

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 May 2011 08:58
Last modified: 24 Sep 2019 00:52

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