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Prospective cohort study of mental health during imprisonment

Lamiece, Hassan, Birmingham, Luke, Harty, Mari A., Jarrett, Manuela, Jones, Peter, King, Carlene, Lathlean, Judith, Lowthian, Carrie, Mills, Alice, Senior, Jane, Thornicroft, Graham, Webb, Roger and Shaw, Jenny (2011) Prospective cohort study of mental health during imprisonment British Journal of Psychiatry, 198, pp. 37-42. (doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.110.080333).

Record type: Article



Mental illness is common among prisoners, but little evidence exists regarding changes in symptoms in custody over time.


To investigate the prevalence and predictors of psychiatric symptoms among prisoners during early custody.


In a prospective cohort study, 3079 prisoners were screened for mental illness within 3 days of reception. To establish baseline diagnoses and symptoms, 980 prisoners were interviewed; all remaining in custody were followed up 1 month and 2 months later.


Symptom prevalence was highest during the first week of custody. Prevalence showed a linear decline among men and convicted prisoners, but not women or remand prisoners. It decreased among prisoners with depression, but not among prisoners with other mental illnesses.

Overall, imprisonment did not exacerbate psychiatric symptoms, although differences in group responses were observed. Continued discussion regarding non-custodial alternatives for vulnerable groups and increased support for all during early custody are recommended.

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Published date: 2011
Organisations: Health Sciences


Local EPrints ID: 184083
ISSN: 0007-1250
PURE UUID: 1c07aa40-11f0-4b60-a8ae-38a144fe5e03

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Date deposited: 05 May 2011 10:30
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:53

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Author: Hassan Lamiece
Author: Luke Birmingham
Author: Mari A. Harty
Author: Manuela Jarrett
Author: Peter Jones
Author: Carlene King
Author: Judith Lathlean
Author: Carrie Lowthian
Author: Alice Mills
Author: Jane Senior
Author: Graham Thornicroft
Author: Roger Webb
Author: Jenny Shaw

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