Orosz, Gábor, Wilson, R. Eddie, Szalai, Róbert and Stepan, Gábor
Exciting traffic jams: nonlinear phenomena behind traffic jam formation on highways
Physical Review E, 80, (4), . (doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.80.046205). (PMID:19905413).
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A nonlinear car-following model is studied with driver reaction time delay by using state-of-the-art numerical continuations techniques. These allow us to unveil the detailed microscopic dynamics as well as to extract macroscopic properties of traffic flow. Parameter domains are determined where the uniform flow equilibrium is stable but sufficiently large excitations may trigger traffic jams. This behavior becomes more robust as the reaction time delay is increased.
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