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Visual influences on balance

Visual influences on balance
Visual influences on balance
This paper discusses the impact of vision on balance and orientation in patients with vestibular disorders and in anxiety patients with space and motion discomfort (SMD). When the vestibular system is impaired, vision has a greater influence on standing postural control, resulting in greater sway when individuals are presented with erroneous or conflicting visual cues. Studies have shown that individuals with other motion sensitivities, such as motion sickness, also tend to rely on vision for balance and do not disregard erroneous visual cues. Recently, patients with anxiety disorders that include SMD also have been shown to have increased postural sway in conflicting visual environments, similar to patients with vestibular disorders. Thus, while specific vestibular deficits are not always directly associated with SMD, data regarding the impact of vision on balance suggest that some patients with SMD may have an underlying balance disorder.
balance, posture, vision, anxiety, vestibular
0887-6185
81-94
Redfern, Mark S.
4cc816fd-efe7-4459-8703-6a417bf09983
Yardley, Lucy
64be42c4-511d-484d-abaa-f8813452a22e
Bronstein, Adolfo
cb85c34e-25c0-4103-a66c-28e33e983af8
Redfern, Mark S.
4cc816fd-efe7-4459-8703-6a417bf09983
Yardley, Lucy
64be42c4-511d-484d-abaa-f8813452a22e
Bronstein, Adolfo
cb85c34e-25c0-4103-a66c-28e33e983af8

Redfern, Mark S., Yardley, Lucy and Bronstein, Adolfo (2001) Visual influences on balance. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 15 (1-2), 81-94. (doi:10.1016/S0887-6185(00)00043-8).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper discusses the impact of vision on balance and orientation in patients with vestibular disorders and in anxiety patients with space and motion discomfort (SMD). When the vestibular system is impaired, vision has a greater influence on standing postural control, resulting in greater sway when individuals are presented with erroneous or conflicting visual cues. Studies have shown that individuals with other motion sensitivities, such as motion sickness, also tend to rely on vision for balance and do not disregard erroneous visual cues. Recently, patients with anxiety disorders that include SMD also have been shown to have increased postural sway in conflicting visual environments, similar to patients with vestibular disorders. Thus, while specific vestibular deficits are not always directly associated with SMD, data regarding the impact of vision on balance suggest that some patients with SMD may have an underlying balance disorder.

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More information

Published date: 2001
Keywords: balance, posture, vision, anxiety, vestibular

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 18457
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18457
ISSN: 0887-6185
PURE UUID: d524d311-d317-44f9-9422-8e400f4359a5

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Dec 2005
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:35

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