James, P.A.B., Sissons, M.F., Bradford, J., Myers, L.E., Bahaj, A.S., Anwar, Arif A. and Green, S.
Implications of the UK field trial of building mounted horizontal axis micro-wind turbines
Energy Policy, 38, (10), . (doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.05.070).
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Building mounted micro-wind turbines and photovoltaics have the potential to provide widely applicable carbon free electricity generation at the building level. Photovoltaic systems are well understood and it is easy to predict performance using software tools or widely accepted yield estimates. Micro-wind, however, is far more complex and in comparison poorly understood. This paper presents the key findings of the building mounted (< 2kWp) turbine component of the UK micro-wind trial undertaken by the Energy Saving Trust in 2008/09. The monitored performance of 39 horizontal axis turbines in urban, suburban and rural locations is discussed alongside the accuracy of predictive wind speed tools for the sites. The performance of urban and suburban micro-wind sites in the trial was poor with annual generation of less than 75 kWh/m2 swept area, the majority of which were less than 25 kWh/m2. Good rural sites had an annual generation of between 100 and 280 kWh/m2, far less than the nominal 360 kWh/m2 (10% load factor for a typical turbine) that is often assumed. In the light of these findings, the potential impact of the UK’s latest policy instrument, the 2010 micro-generation tariffs, is considered for both micro-wind and photovoltaics.
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