Levene, Dan and Ponting, Matthew
"Recycling economies, when efficient, are by their nature invisible”. A first century Jewish recycling economy
Geller, Markham and Shaked, Shaul (eds.)
PDF Talmudic archaeologyLevene Ponting.pdf
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This article provides the cross referencing of archaeo-metallurgical finds with late antique Jewish texts to provide glimpses of sophisticated Jewish metal recycling technologies. The cross-disciplinary approach offers information that each discipline on its own cannot provide. Archaeological analysis shows complex alloys that have hitherto been considered to have been achieved from the mixing of freshly mined and smelted constituents. The texts, however, offer a unique record that shows an established recycling industry which has never been matched to the material find.
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