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Elevation of sputum matrix metalloproteinase-9 persists up to 6 months after smoking cessation: a research study

Louhelainen, Noora, Stark, Harri, Mazur, Witold, Rytilä, Paula, Djukanovic, Ratko and Kinnula, Vuokko L. (2010) Elevation of sputum matrix metalloproteinase-9 persists up to 6 months after smoking cessation: a research study BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 10, p. 13. (doi:10.1186/1471-2466-10-13). (PMID:7767520).

Record type: Article


Background: Smoking cessation is the best possible way to prevent the progression of smoking related airway diseases. However, the effect and time scale of smoking cessation on airway inflammation/remodelling are largely unknown. This prospective study evaluated the effects of smoking cessation on induced sputum (IS) neutrophils, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-7, -8, -9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1).

Methods: A total of 61 subjects participated in the study; 17 stopped smoking for 3 months and 9 for 6 months. The proportion of IS neutrophils and the levels of MMPs and TIMP-1 by ELISA were determined at baseline and at 3 and 6 months after cessation.

Results: In the smokers, baseline IS neutrophils, MMPs and TIMP-1 were significantly higher compared to non-smokers. Levels of MMP-7, -8 and TIMP-1 decreased nearly to those of non-smokers but the levels of MMP-9 increased significantly from the baseline of the same subjects at 3 months after cessation (p = 0.009) with no significant decline at 6 months after cessation.

Conclusions: Sputum MMP-9 remained elevated after 6 months of smoking cessation, which may contribute to ongoing lung damage typical of COPD.

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Published date: 14 March 2010


Local EPrints ID: 185155
ISSN: 1471-2466
PURE UUID: 95988168-13ac-4049-a748-78c78fe05180
ORCID for Ratko Djukanovic: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 09 May 2011 15:06
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:50

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Author: Noora Louhelainen
Author: Harri Stark
Author: Witold Mazur
Author: Paula Rytilä
Author: Vuokko L. Kinnula

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