The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Nonsupplemented luteal phase characteristics after the administration of recombinant human chorionic gonadotropin, recombinant luteinizing hormone, or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist to induce final oocyte maturation in in vitro fertilization patients after ovarian stimulation with recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone and GnRH antagonist cotreatment

Record type: Article

Replacing GnRH agonist cotreatment for the prevention of a premature rise in LH during ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF) by the late follicular phase administration of GnRH antagonist may render supplementation of the luteal phase redundant, because of the known rapid recovery of pituitary function after antagonist cessation. This randomized two-center study was performed to compare nonsupplemented luteal phase characteristics after three different strategies for inducing final oocyte maturation. Forty patients underwent ovarian stimulation using recombinant (r-)FSH (150 IU/d, fixed) combined with a GnRH antagonist (antide; 1 mg/d) during the late follicular phase. When at least one follicle above 18 mm was observed, patients were randomized to induce oocyte maturation by a single injection of either r-human (h)CG (250 microg) (n = 11), r-LH (1 mg) (n = 13), or GnRH agonist (triptorelin; 0.2 mg) (n = 15). Retrieved oocytes were fertilized by either IVF or intracytoplasmatic sperm injection, depending on sperm quality. Embryo transfer was performed 3-4 d after oocyte retrieval. No luteal support was provided. Serum concentrations of FSH, LH, estradiol (E(2)), progesterone (P), and hCG were assessed at fixed intervals during the follicular and luteal phase. The median duration of the luteal phase was 13, 10, and 9 d for the r-hCG, the r-LH, and the GnRH agonist group, respectively (P = 0.005). The median area under the curve per day (from 4 d post randomization until the onset of menses) for LH was 0.50, 2.34, and 1.07 for the r-hCG, the r-LH, and the GnRH agonist group, respectively (P = 0.001). The median area under the curve per day for P was 269 vs. 41 and 16 for the r-hCG, the r-LH, and the GnRH agonist group, respectively (P < 0.001). Low pregnancy rates (overall, 7.5%; range, 0-18% per started cycle) were observed in all groups. In conclusion, the nonsupplemented luteal phase was insufficient in all three groups. In the patients receiving r-hCG, the luteal phase was less disturbed, compared with both other groups, presumably because of prolonged clearance of hCG from the circulation and the resulting extended support of the corpus luteum. Despite high P and E(2) concentrations during the early luteal phase in all three groups, luteolysis started prematurely, presumably because of excessive negative steroid feedback resulting in suppressed pituitary LH release. Hence, support of corpus luteum function remains mandatory after ovarian stimulation for IVF with GnRH antagonist cotreatment.

Full text not available from this repository.

Citation

Beckers, Nicole G.M., Macklon, Nicholas S., Eijkemans, Marinus J., Ludwig, Michael, Felberbaum, Ricardo E., Diedrich, Klaus, Bustion, Shelly, Loumaye, Ernest and Fauser, Bart C.J.M. (2003) Nonsupplemented luteal phase characteristics after the administration of recombinant human chorionic gonadotropin, recombinant luteinizing hormone, or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist to induce final oocyte maturation in in vitro fertilization patients after ovarian stimulation with recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone and GnRH antagonist cotreatment Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 88, (9), pp. 4186-4192. (doi:10.1210/jc.2002-021953). (PMID:12970285).

More information

Published date: September 2003

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 185645
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/185645
ISSN: 0021-972X
PURE UUID: 060f95a7-82d4-4e54-8577-82c2255a4b9f

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 May 2011 10:20
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:48

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Nicole G.M. Beckers
Author: Marinus J. Eijkemans
Author: Michael Ludwig
Author: Ricardo E. Felberbaum
Author: Klaus Diedrich
Author: Shelly Bustion
Author: Ernest Loumaye
Author: Bart C.J.M. Fauser

University divisions


Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×