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Activation of alcohol-related associative networks by recent alcohol consumption and alcohol-related cues

Activation of alcohol-related associative networks by recent alcohol consumption and alcohol-related cues
Activation of alcohol-related associative networks by recent alcohol consumption and alcohol-related cues
Aims. To investigate the influence of recent alcohol consumption and alcohol-related cues on performance in a sentence generation task.
Design. Two experiments were carried out. In the first, the performances of light, moderate and heavy drinkers were compared. In the second, subjects were randomly assigned to one of three experimental treatments (alcohol-priming, non-alcohol priming, and control) and classified as light, moderate or heavy drinkers. The effect of experimental treatment, drinking status, gender and the interaction between these factors was studied.
Setting. The experiments were carried out in quiet research rooms in psychology departments.
Participants. Volunteers recruited from university campuses.
Measurements. Questionnaires were used to ascertain recent drinking histories. Subjects generated sentences incorporating ambiguous alcohol-related words which were provided by the experimenter. The sentences were then classified as alcohol-related or not, the dependent measure was the number of alcohol-related sentences produced.
Findings. In both experiments heavier drinkers produced more alcohol-related sentences and males produced more alcohol-related sentences than females. In the second experiment more alcohol-related sentences were produced after subjects were exposed the alcohol priming condition.
Conclusions. The alcohol-related meaning of ambiguous words is more likely to be accessed by males and by heavier drinkers and after exposure to other alcohol cues.
0965-2140
1033-1041
Glautier, Steven
964468b2-3ad7-40cc-b4be-e35c7dee518f
Spencer, Klair
64b4d266-4ed1-44a3-93cc-9b873eeb8215
Glautier, Steven
964468b2-3ad7-40cc-b4be-e35c7dee518f
Spencer, Klair
64b4d266-4ed1-44a3-93cc-9b873eeb8215

Glautier, Steven and Spencer, Klair (1999) Activation of alcohol-related associative networks by recent alcohol consumption and alcohol-related cues. Addiction, 94 (7), 1033-1041. (doi:10.1046/j.1360-0443.1999.94710338.x).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Aims. To investigate the influence of recent alcohol consumption and alcohol-related cues on performance in a sentence generation task.
Design. Two experiments were carried out. In the first, the performances of light, moderate and heavy drinkers were compared. In the second, subjects were randomly assigned to one of three experimental treatments (alcohol-priming, non-alcohol priming, and control) and classified as light, moderate or heavy drinkers. The effect of experimental treatment, drinking status, gender and the interaction between these factors was studied.
Setting. The experiments were carried out in quiet research rooms in psychology departments.
Participants. Volunteers recruited from university campuses.
Measurements. Questionnaires were used to ascertain recent drinking histories. Subjects generated sentences incorporating ambiguous alcohol-related words which were provided by the experimenter. The sentences were then classified as alcohol-related or not, the dependent measure was the number of alcohol-related sentences produced.
Findings. In both experiments heavier drinkers produced more alcohol-related sentences and males produced more alcohol-related sentences than females. In the second experiment more alcohol-related sentences were produced after subjects were exposed the alcohol priming condition.
Conclusions. The alcohol-related meaning of ambiguous words is more likely to be accessed by males and by heavier drinkers and after exposure to other alcohol cues.

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Published date: 1999

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 18597
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18597
ISSN: 0965-2140
PURE UUID: 67afa040-0f38-46c8-a5eb-7a8a7077fab2

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Date deposited: 01 Dec 2005
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 19:28

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