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Wafer curvature analysis in 3C-SiC layers grown on (0 0 1) and (1 1 1) Si substrates

Bosi, Matteo, Attolini, Giovanni, Watts, Bernard E., Rossi, Francesca, Ferrari, Claudio, Riesz, Ferenc and Jiang, Liudi (2011) Wafer curvature analysis in 3C-SiC layers grown on (0 0 1) and (1 1 1) Si substrates [in special issue: The 16th International Conference on Crystal Growth (ICCG16)/The 14th International Conference on Vapor Growth and Epitaxy (ICVGE14) ] Journal of Crystal Growth, 318, (1), pp. 401-405. (doi:10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2010.10.042).

Record type: Article


To assess deformation issues in the vapor phase epitaxy of 3C-SiC on (0 0 1) and (1 1 1) Si substrates, we
investigated different pre-growth (carburisation) procedures, adding various amount of SiH4 to C3H8. The
mechanical deformation of the samples was measured by quantitative Makyoh topography, through
which 3D deformation maps of the entire wafers were obtained. X-ray diffraction was used to check the
crystal quality of the layers and, in transmission geometry, to assess whether the observed deformation
was plastic or elastic. Residual stress of the deposited 3C-SiC layers was investigated across the entire
wafer substrates by using Raman spectroscopy and values between 0.5 and 1 GPa were found. It was
observed that, for a given carburisation procedure, the crystalline orientation of the Si substrates plays an
important role in the substrate curvature (convex and concave). The addition of SiH4 during carburisation
ramp leads to increased deformation for SiC/Si (0 0 1), while decreased deformation for SiC/Si (1 1 1).

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Published date: 1 March 2011
Keywords: a1. stresses, a3. vapor phase epitaxy, b2. semiconducting silicon compounds
Organisations: Engineering Mats & Surface Engineerg Gp


Local EPrints ID: 186193
ISSN: 0022-0248
PURE UUID: f25cb66d-72e3-47c7-b6e4-4a8f84512f2e
ORCID for Liudi Jiang: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 12 May 2011 13:55
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:47

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Author: Matteo Bosi
Author: Giovanni Attolini
Author: Bernard E. Watts
Author: Francesca Rossi
Author: Claudio Ferrari
Author: Ferenc Riesz
Author: Liudi Jiang ORCID iD

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