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When groups are more competitive than individuals: The domain of the discontinuity effect

When groups are more competitive than individuals: The domain of the discontinuity effect
When groups are more competitive than individuals: The domain of the discontinuity effect
The related goals of the research were to delineate the domain of discontinuity, 1st by demonstrating its occurrence in a nonmatrix situation and, 2nd, by establishing the antecedent outcome conditions necessary for producing a discontinuity effect. The 1st goal was met by designing a mixed motive situation involving the production of origami products. Under these conditions, the magnitude of the discontinuity effect did not significantly differ from that in a matrix-only condition. The 2nd goal was met by a separate experiment that used H. H. Kelley and J. W. Thibaut's (1978) analysis of degree of noncorrespondence of outcomes. This experiment demonstrated that as noncorrespondence increased, so did the rate of competitive responding by groups but not by individuals. This pattern was qualified by an interaction with gender such that competitiveness was more markedly affected by noncorrespondence for groups of women than for groups of men.
0022-3514
632-644
Schopler, J.
63a5d6df-c52b-4ec1-83a9-748b396d96ba
Insko, C. A.
7247aec5-78ba-4774-a7aa-6ce318de2489
Wieselquist, J.
c1f30e74-c159-4289-8535-7855f6d499d9
Pemberton, M.
c30337f9-a20e-470e-ab09-30727b23922b
Witcher, B.
746ae461-bc11-4fc4-a5c7-0129d5814578
Kozar, R.
0d5afdcb-5245-454b-8980-9fa038faf81e
Roddenberry, C.
7119c56a-d624-42d2-a51f-e668b538b2bf
Wildschut, T.
4452a61d-1649-4c4a-bb1d-154ec446ff81
Schopler, J.
63a5d6df-c52b-4ec1-83a9-748b396d96ba
Insko, C. A.
7247aec5-78ba-4774-a7aa-6ce318de2489
Wieselquist, J.
c1f30e74-c159-4289-8535-7855f6d499d9
Pemberton, M.
c30337f9-a20e-470e-ab09-30727b23922b
Witcher, B.
746ae461-bc11-4fc4-a5c7-0129d5814578
Kozar, R.
0d5afdcb-5245-454b-8980-9fa038faf81e
Roddenberry, C.
7119c56a-d624-42d2-a51f-e668b538b2bf
Wildschut, T.
4452a61d-1649-4c4a-bb1d-154ec446ff81

Schopler, J., Insko, C. A., Wieselquist, J., Pemberton, M., Witcher, B., Kozar, R., Roddenberry, C. and Wildschut, T. (2001) When groups are more competitive than individuals: The domain of the discontinuity effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80 (4), 632-644.

Record type: Article

Abstract

The related goals of the research were to delineate the domain of discontinuity, 1st by demonstrating its occurrence in a nonmatrix situation and, 2nd, by establishing the antecedent outcome conditions necessary for producing a discontinuity effect. The 1st goal was met by designing a mixed motive situation involving the production of origami products. Under these conditions, the magnitude of the discontinuity effect did not significantly differ from that in a matrix-only condition. The 2nd goal was met by a separate experiment that used H. H. Kelley and J. W. Thibaut's (1978) analysis of degree of noncorrespondence of outcomes. This experiment demonstrated that as noncorrespondence increased, so did the rate of competitive responding by groups but not by individuals. This pattern was qualified by an interaction with gender such that competitiveness was more markedly affected by noncorrespondence for groups of women than for groups of men.

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Published date: 2001

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 18628
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18628
ISSN: 0022-3514
PURE UUID: 1234e2b8-1cd7-4800-8efb-e4f01f5a65a8

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Date deposited: 30 Nov 2005
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 16:35

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