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The measurement of individual differences in behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation systems: a comparison of personality scales

The measurement of individual differences in behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation systems: a comparison of personality scales
The measurement of individual differences in behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation systems: a comparison of personality scales
The measurement of anxiety and impulsivity dimensions is one of the main problems that Gray's model faces in human research. Contrary to most personality models, Gray's model has no standard way to assess the personality dimensions that arise from the theory. Multiple measurement strategies have been used, some of them introducing conceptual errors and difficult outcome comparisons. In this paper, scales most used in anxiety and impulsivity assessment are studied and compared in order to provide some empirical clues that could help in the decision on which scale to use for the assessment of individual differences in anxiety and impulsivity dimensions. Some validity criteria are proposed as convergence with other measures, orthogonality, and correlations with the Extraversion and Neuroticism scales. From the analyses performed with 538 university students, a high homogeneity in anxiety measures is observed, being the Sensitivity to Punishment and Harm Avoidance scales which best fits in validity criteria. A lesser homogeneity is observed across impulsivity scales; in this case the Sensitivity to Reward and I7 scales showed the best results.
behavioural inhibition system, behavioural approach or activation system, anxiety, impulsivity, gray's model
0191-8869
999-1013
Caseras, X.
0d600775-cb80-4b06-a6e9-03b231ff6a9a
Àvila, C.
cfb9df2c-7e9e-4a56-9a25-d5bd1848bd6a
Torrubia, R.
05c0ed5c-4744-4079-89b6-f38f5e6eb5d5
Caseras, X.
0d600775-cb80-4b06-a6e9-03b231ff6a9a
Àvila, C.
cfb9df2c-7e9e-4a56-9a25-d5bd1848bd6a
Torrubia, R.
05c0ed5c-4744-4079-89b6-f38f5e6eb5d5

Caseras, X., Àvila, C. and Torrubia, R. (2003) The measurement of individual differences in behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation systems: a comparison of personality scales. Personality and Individual Differences, 34 (6), 999-1013. (doi:10.1016/S0191-8869(02)00084-3).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The measurement of anxiety and impulsivity dimensions is one of the main problems that Gray's model faces in human research. Contrary to most personality models, Gray's model has no standard way to assess the personality dimensions that arise from the theory. Multiple measurement strategies have been used, some of them introducing conceptual errors and difficult outcome comparisons. In this paper, scales most used in anxiety and impulsivity assessment are studied and compared in order to provide some empirical clues that could help in the decision on which scale to use for the assessment of individual differences in anxiety and impulsivity dimensions. Some validity criteria are proposed as convergence with other measures, orthogonality, and correlations with the Extraversion and Neuroticism scales. From the analyses performed with 538 university students, a high homogeneity in anxiety measures is observed, being the Sensitivity to Punishment and Harm Avoidance scales which best fits in validity criteria. A lesser homogeneity is observed across impulsivity scales; in this case the Sensitivity to Reward and I7 scales showed the best results.

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More information

Published date: 2003
Keywords: behavioural inhibition system, behavioural approach or activation system, anxiety, impulsivity, gray's model

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 18647
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/18647
ISSN: 0191-8869
PURE UUID: 52413676-87ed-49f1-affe-c4f07292b64f

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Date deposited: 29 Nov 2005
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 19:28

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Contributors

Author: X. Caseras
Author: C. Àvila
Author: R. Torrubia

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