The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Regional trends in awards of incapacity benefit by cause.

Regional trends in awards of incapacity benefit by cause.
Regional trends in awards of incapacity benefit by cause.
Background: Since the early 1990s, rates of incapacity benefit (IB) in Britain for musculoskeletal complaints have declined, and they have been overtaken by mental and behavioural disorders as the main reason for award of IB.
Aims To explore reasons for this change.
Methods Using data supplied by the Department for Work and Pensions, we analysed trends in the ratio of new IB awards for mental and behavioural disorders to those for musculoskeletal disorders during 1997–2007 by Government region.

Results: In Great Britain overall, the above ratio more than doubled over the study period, as a consequence of falling numbers of new awards for musculoskeletal disorders. The extent to which the ratio increased was smallest in London (50%) and South-East England (56%), and was progressively larger in more northerly regions (>150% in North-East England and Scotland).

Conclusions: The differences in trends between regions seem too large to be explained by differential changes in working conditions, patterns of employment or the rigour with which claims were assessed. An alternative explanation could be that the main driver for the trends has been culturally determined changes in health beliefs and expectations, and that these cultural changes began in London and the South-East, only later spreading to other parts of Britain.
health beliefs, incapacity, mental, musculoskeletal, social security, trends
0962-7480
148-151
Cattrell, A.
b9e590d8-ba68-4a3a-8bfa-5a85ff318a59
Harris, E. Clare
3e4bd946-3f09-45a1-8725-d35e80dd7971
Palmer, K.T
0cfe63f0-1d33-40ff-ae8c-6c33601df850
Kim, M.
c2e4ad50-0a64-4da9-8335-78531d88e93d
Aylward, M.
c170f83a-2a37-490e-9135-6b1e069377a4
Coggon, D.
2b43ce0a-cc61-4d86-b15d-794208ffa5d3
Cattrell, A.
b9e590d8-ba68-4a3a-8bfa-5a85ff318a59
Harris, E. Clare
3e4bd946-3f09-45a1-8725-d35e80dd7971
Palmer, K.T
0cfe63f0-1d33-40ff-ae8c-6c33601df850
Kim, M.
c2e4ad50-0a64-4da9-8335-78531d88e93d
Aylward, M.
c170f83a-2a37-490e-9135-6b1e069377a4
Coggon, D.
2b43ce0a-cc61-4d86-b15d-794208ffa5d3

Cattrell, A., Harris, E. Clare, Palmer, K.T, Kim, M., Aylward, M. and Coggon, D. (2011) Regional trends in awards of incapacity benefit by cause. Occupational Medicine, 61 (3), 148-151. (doi:10.1093/occmed/kqr008). (PMID:21482620)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: Since the early 1990s, rates of incapacity benefit (IB) in Britain for musculoskeletal complaints have declined, and they have been overtaken by mental and behavioural disorders as the main reason for award of IB.
Aims To explore reasons for this change.
Methods Using data supplied by the Department for Work and Pensions, we analysed trends in the ratio of new IB awards for mental and behavioural disorders to those for musculoskeletal disorders during 1997–2007 by Government region.

Results: In Great Britain overall, the above ratio more than doubled over the study period, as a consequence of falling numbers of new awards for musculoskeletal disorders. The extent to which the ratio increased was smallest in London (50%) and South-East England (56%), and was progressively larger in more northerly regions (>150% in North-East England and Scotland).

Conclusions: The differences in trends between regions seem too large to be explained by differential changes in working conditions, patterns of employment or the rigour with which claims were assessed. An alternative explanation could be that the main driver for the trends has been culturally determined changes in health beliefs and expectations, and that these cultural changes began in London and the South-East, only later spreading to other parts of Britain.

Text
Regional_trends_paper_(Occ_Med)_2011.pdf - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only
Request a copy

More information

Published date: May 2011
Keywords: health beliefs, incapacity, mental, musculoskeletal, social security, trends

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 188009
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/188009
ISSN: 0962-7480
PURE UUID: da28ff9e-73ce-4931-8601-7ddaa04deb2d
ORCID for E. Clare Harris: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8037-566X
ORCID for D. Coggon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1930-3987

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 May 2011 13:34
Last modified: 19 Nov 2019 01:59

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×