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A method for spatial and temporal assessment of gastropod grazing intensity in the field: the use of radula scrapes on wax surfaces

A method for spatial and temporal assessment of gastropod grazing intensity in the field: the use of radula scrapes on wax surfaces
A method for spatial and temporal assessment of gastropod grazing intensity in the field: the use of radula scrapes on wax surfaces
The feeding apparatus of many marine molluscan herbivores leaves distinctive marks on the surface of dental wax. This method can be used in the field to assess the spatial and temporal patterns of gastropod grazing on rocky shores. Among the common gastropod grazers of intertidal habitats on the Isle of Man, distinctive rasping marks were made by docoglossan (Patella vulgata.), rhipidoglossan (Calliostoma zizyphinum. and Gibbula spp.) and larger taenioglossan (Littorina obtusata.) grazers. Our technique for the field deployment of wax surfaces is simple, inexpensive, and permits a realistic placement of the wax surface in the environment. This placement is achieved by casting the wax into small discs (14 mm diameter) and setting them into pre-formed holes in the rock surface. By quantifying either the number of discs scraped or the area of the wax surface scraped, patterns of grazing intensity (defined as areal extent of the surface grazed in a given period) can be assessed over a variety of spatial and temporal scales. To illustrate this method and refine its use, we recorded the grazing patterns of the limpet Patella vulgata for periods from 12 h to 17 days. The optimal period of deployment depended on the specific habitat, but we often found periods of 1–14 days to be appropriate. Regular arrays of discs also demonstrated that grazing intensity was spatially variable at a scale of 0.25 m, and that grazing intensity increased throughout the late winter and spring. This method provides a cheap and direct measure of feeding intensity that is directly relevant to understanding the effect of grazing molluscs on algal communities. Moreover, it can be used over a variety of spatial and temporal scales.
Rocky shores, Intertidal, Herbivory, Microalgae, Foraging
0022-0981
63-76
Thompson, R.C.
d632e905-6f51-49a0-9426-13c42c3d0a18
Johnson, L.E.
d2f46649-9ac7-4cea-a0c3-f71a344ce6b2
Hawkins, S.J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa
Thompson, R.C.
d632e905-6f51-49a0-9426-13c42c3d0a18
Johnson, L.E.
d2f46649-9ac7-4cea-a0c3-f71a344ce6b2
Hawkins, S.J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa

Thompson, R.C., Johnson, L.E. and Hawkins, S.J. (1997) A method for spatial and temporal assessment of gastropod grazing intensity in the field: the use of radula scrapes on wax surfaces Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 218, (1), pp. 63-76. (doi:10.1016/S0022-0981(97)00068-3).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The feeding apparatus of many marine molluscan herbivores leaves distinctive marks on the surface of dental wax. This method can be used in the field to assess the spatial and temporal patterns of gastropod grazing on rocky shores. Among the common gastropod grazers of intertidal habitats on the Isle of Man, distinctive rasping marks were made by docoglossan (Patella vulgata.), rhipidoglossan (Calliostoma zizyphinum. and Gibbula spp.) and larger taenioglossan (Littorina obtusata.) grazers. Our technique for the field deployment of wax surfaces is simple, inexpensive, and permits a realistic placement of the wax surface in the environment. This placement is achieved by casting the wax into small discs (14 mm diameter) and setting them into pre-formed holes in the rock surface. By quantifying either the number of discs scraped or the area of the wax surface scraped, patterns of grazing intensity (defined as areal extent of the surface grazed in a given period) can be assessed over a variety of spatial and temporal scales. To illustrate this method and refine its use, we recorded the grazing patterns of the limpet Patella vulgata for periods from 12 h to 17 days. The optimal period of deployment depended on the specific habitat, but we often found periods of 1–14 days to be appropriate. Regular arrays of discs also demonstrated that grazing intensity was spatially variable at a scale of 0.25 m, and that grazing intensity increased throughout the late winter and spring. This method provides a cheap and direct measure of feeding intensity that is directly relevant to understanding the effect of grazing molluscs on algal communities. Moreover, it can be used over a variety of spatial and temporal scales.

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More information

Published date: 1 November 1997
Keywords: Rocky shores, Intertidal, Herbivory, Microalgae, Foraging

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 188737
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/188737
ISSN: 0022-0981
PURE UUID: b81e7ed8-d4e8-4878-8ec4-f25dd7e7e28a

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Date deposited: 27 May 2011 09:08
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:41

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Contributors

Author: R.C. Thompson
Author: L.E. Johnson
Author: S.J. Hawkins

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