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Neurotransmitter modulation of extracellular H+ fluxes from isolated retinal horizontal cells of the skate

Molina, Anthony J.A, Verzi, Michael P., Birnbaum, Andrea D., Yamoah, Ebenezer N., Hammar, Katherine, Smith, Peter J.S. and Malchow, Robert Paul (2004) Neurotransmitter modulation of extracellular H+ fluxes from isolated retinal horizontal cells of the skate The Journal of Physiology, 560, (3), pp. 639-657. (doi:10.1111/(ISSN)1469-7793). (PMID:15272044).

Record type: Article


Self-referencing H+-selective microelectrodes were used to measure extracellular H+ fluxes from horizontal cells isolated from the skate retina. A standing H+ flux was detected from quiescent cells, indicating a higher concentration of free hydrogen ions near the extracellular surface of the cell as compared to the surrounding solution. The standing H+ flux was reduced by removal of extracellular sodium or application of 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl) amiloride (EIPA), suggesting activity of a Na+–H+ exchanger. Glutamate decreased H+ flux, lowering the concentration of free hydrogen ions around the cell. AMPA/kainate receptor agonists mimicked the response, and the AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) eliminated the effects of glutamate and kainate. Metabotropic glutamate agonists were without effect. Glutamate-induced alterations in H+ flux required extracellular calcium, and were abolished when cells were bathed in an alkaline Ringer solution. Increasing intracellular calcium by photolysis of the caged calcium compound NP-EGTA also altered extracellular H+ flux. Immunocytochemical localization of the plasmalemma Ca2+–H+-ATPase (PMCA pump) revealed intense labelling within the outer plexiform layer and on isolated horizontal cells. Our results suggest that glutamate modulation of H+ flux arises from calcium entry into cells with subsequent activation of the plasmalemma Ca2+–H+-ATPase. These neurotransmitter-induced changes in extracellular pH have the potential to play a modulatory role in synaptic processing in the outer retina. However, our findings argue against the hypothesis that hydrogen ions released by horizontal cells normally act as the inhibitory feedback neurotransmitter onto photoreceptor synaptic terminals to create the surround portion of the centre-surround receptive fields of retinal neurone

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Published date: 2004
Organisations: University of Southampton


Local EPrints ID: 188829
ISSN: 0022-3751
PURE UUID: 0956d3dd-1b85-4b68-b6c8-f1338bb4475f
ORCID for Peter J.S. Smith: ORCID iD

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Date deposited: 06 Jun 2011 08:48
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:41

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Author: Anthony J.A Molina
Author: Michael P. Verzi
Author: Andrea D. Birnbaum
Author: Ebenezer N. Yamoah
Author: Katherine Hammar
Author: Robert Paul Malchow

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