Recognition of GT mismatches by Vsr mismatch endonuclease

Fox, K.R., Allinson, S.L., Sahagun-Krause, H. and Brown, T. (2000) Recognition of GT mismatches by Vsr mismatch endonuclease Nucleic Acids Research, 28, (13), pp. 2535-2540. (doi:10.1093/nar/28.13.2535).


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The Vsr mismatch endonuclease recognises the sequence CTWGG (W = A or T) in which the underlined thymine is paired with guanine and nicks the DNA backbone on the 5?-side of the mispaired thymine. By using base analogues of G and T we have explored the functional groups on the mismatch pair which are recognised by the enzyme. Removal of the thymine 5-methyl group causes a 60% reduction in activity, while removing the 2-amino group of guanine reduces cleavage by 90%. Placing 2-amino­purine or nebularine opposite T generates mis­matches which are cut at a much lower rate (0.1%). When either base is removed, generating a pseudoabasic site (1?,2?-dideoxyribose), the enzyme still produces site-specific cleavage, but at only 1% of the original rate. Although TT and CT mismatches at this position are cleaved at a low rate (~1%), mismatches with other bases (such as GA and AC) and Watson–Crick base pairs are not cleaved by the enzyme. There is also no cleavage when the mismatched T is replaced with difluorotoluene.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1093/nar/28.13.2535
ISSNs: 0305-1048 (print)
Keywords: escherichia-coli k-12, short patch repair, cytosine methylation, crystal-structure, dna duplex, gene, 5-methyl-cytosine, difluorotoluene, cleavage, adenine
ePrint ID: 18926
Date :
Date Event
1 July 2000Published
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2006
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 23:08
Further Information:Google Scholar

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