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Stratigraphic, structural and geochemical features of the NE–SW trending Neogene volcano-sedimentary basins in western Anatolia: Implications for associations of supra-detachment and transtensional strike-slip basin formation in extensional tectonic setting

Stratigraphic, structural and geochemical features of the NE–SW trending Neogene volcano-sedimentary basins in western Anatolia: Implications for associations of supra-detachment and transtensional strike-slip basin formation in extensional tectonic setting
Stratigraphic, structural and geochemical features of the NE–SW trending Neogene volcano-sedimentary basins in western Anatolia: Implications for associations of supra-detachment and transtensional strike-slip basin formation in extensional tectonic setting
Western Anatolia has been the focus of many geological studies of the classical extensional tectonics in the region. The NE–SW-trending Neogene volcano-sedimentary basins that characterize western Anatolia, are mainly located on the northern part of the Menderes Massif – a progressively exhumed mid-crustal metamorphic unit that has undergone Neogene extensional tectonics in the area. The NE–SW-trending basins are the Bigadiç, Gördes, Demirci, Selendi, Emet, Güre and U?ak basins. Although many studies have been carried out in these basins, the stratigraphic and tectonic evolution of the NE–SW-trending volcano-sedimentary basins remains controversial, and hence different evolutionary models have been proposed by various authors. Recent studies concluded that there was a close relation in both space and time between the basin formation and the progressive exhumation of the Menderes Massif. In this study, we present new stratigraphic, geochemical and tectonic observations from the Gördes, Demirci and Emet basins, and couple them with data from the other NE–SW-trending basins to produce a tectono-stratigraphic evolutionary model for the area.

Gördes basin was opened by strike- to oblique-slip movements on the basin-bounding faults as a result of dextral transtension, such that the transtensional Gördes basin formed where extension is oblique to the margin that bounded the basin. The Demirci, Selendi, Emet, and Güre basins, have similar stratigraphic and tectonic features, and began to develop as supra-detachment extensional basins on an early Miocene corrugated detachment fault (the Simav detachment fault, SDF). In these basins, deposition of a middle Miocene volcano-sedimentary succession was controlled by NE–SW-trending strike- to oblique-slip faults, which developed as accommodation faults in the hanging-wall of a second detachment fault located further south (the Gediz detachment fault, GDF). These data suggest that the Menderes Massif was exhumed through basin formation in the upper plate that arose from successive detachment faulting, accommodated by kinematically-linked dextral strike- to oblique-slip motion to the west. Strike-slip faulting is linked to a previously described crustal-scale zone of weakness on which the Gördes basin was formed (the ?zmir–Bal?kesir transfer zone).

The NE–SW-trending basins were also deformed by NE–SW-trending dextral and NW–SE-trending sinistral strike-slip faulting (under pure shear) during the late Miocene, and by E–W-trending dip-slip normal faulting in the Pliocene–Quaternary. The data indicate that the region has been extended in a not, vert, similarN–S-direction since at least the early Miocene, and that this extension occurred episodically in several phases.
Western Anatolia, NE–SW-trending basins, Menderes Massif, Supra-detachment basins, Extensional tectonics
0743-9547
159-183
Ersoy, Yalçın E.
a598a7e6-2043-465e-9207-4993f67a6f92
Helvacı, Cahit
1bf18566-d59b-45fc-ba93-c81b2203e9d5
Palmer, Martin R.
d2e60e81-5d6e-4ddb-a243-602537286080
Ersoy, Yalçın E.
a598a7e6-2043-465e-9207-4993f67a6f92
Helvacı, Cahit
1bf18566-d59b-45fc-ba93-c81b2203e9d5
Palmer, Martin R.
d2e60e81-5d6e-4ddb-a243-602537286080

Ersoy, Yalçın E., Helvacı, Cahit and Palmer, Martin R. (2011) Stratigraphic, structural and geochemical features of the NE–SW trending Neogene volcano-sedimentary basins in western Anatolia: Implications for associations of supra-detachment and transtensional strike-slip basin formation in extensional tectonic setting. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 41 (2), 159-183. (doi:10.1016/j.jseaes.2010.12.012).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Western Anatolia has been the focus of many geological studies of the classical extensional tectonics in the region. The NE–SW-trending Neogene volcano-sedimentary basins that characterize western Anatolia, are mainly located on the northern part of the Menderes Massif – a progressively exhumed mid-crustal metamorphic unit that has undergone Neogene extensional tectonics in the area. The NE–SW-trending basins are the Bigadiç, Gördes, Demirci, Selendi, Emet, Güre and U?ak basins. Although many studies have been carried out in these basins, the stratigraphic and tectonic evolution of the NE–SW-trending volcano-sedimentary basins remains controversial, and hence different evolutionary models have been proposed by various authors. Recent studies concluded that there was a close relation in both space and time between the basin formation and the progressive exhumation of the Menderes Massif. In this study, we present new stratigraphic, geochemical and tectonic observations from the Gördes, Demirci and Emet basins, and couple them with data from the other NE–SW-trending basins to produce a tectono-stratigraphic evolutionary model for the area.

Gördes basin was opened by strike- to oblique-slip movements on the basin-bounding faults as a result of dextral transtension, such that the transtensional Gördes basin formed where extension is oblique to the margin that bounded the basin. The Demirci, Selendi, Emet, and Güre basins, have similar stratigraphic and tectonic features, and began to develop as supra-detachment extensional basins on an early Miocene corrugated detachment fault (the Simav detachment fault, SDF). In these basins, deposition of a middle Miocene volcano-sedimentary succession was controlled by NE–SW-trending strike- to oblique-slip faults, which developed as accommodation faults in the hanging-wall of a second detachment fault located further south (the Gediz detachment fault, GDF). These data suggest that the Menderes Massif was exhumed through basin formation in the upper plate that arose from successive detachment faulting, accommodated by kinematically-linked dextral strike- to oblique-slip motion to the west. Strike-slip faulting is linked to a previously described crustal-scale zone of weakness on which the Gördes basin was formed (the ?zmir–Bal?kesir transfer zone).

The NE–SW-trending basins were also deformed by NE–SW-trending dextral and NW–SE-trending sinistral strike-slip faulting (under pure shear) during the late Miocene, and by E–W-trending dip-slip normal faulting in the Pliocene–Quaternary. The data indicate that the region has been extended in a not, vert, similarN–S-direction since at least the early Miocene, and that this extension occurred episodically in several phases.

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More information

Published date: 1 May 2011
Keywords: Western Anatolia, NE–SW-trending basins, Menderes Massif, Supra-detachment basins, Extensional tectonics

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 189721
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/189721
ISSN: 0743-9547
PURE UUID: 427babef-efc1-44e0-b112-9fdc1d213298

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Date deposited: 06 Jun 2011 10:55
Last modified: 08 Nov 2021 19:19

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Author: Yalçın E. Ersoy
Author: Cahit Helvacı

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