Yoshizawa, Koudai, Ikezoe, Keigo, Tasaki, Yutaka, Kramer, Denis, Lehmann, Eberhard and Scherer, Günther
Analysis of gas diffusion layer and flow-field design in a PEMFC using neutron radiography
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 155, (3), . (doi:10.1149/1.2823003).
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A carbon-cloth gas diffusion layer (GDL) displays better performance than a carbon-paper GDL under humidified conditions. A straight flow field displays better performance than a serpentine flow field. To investigate these phenomena, neutron radiography was used to compare the amount of liquid water that accumulated in test fuel cells. It was found that a larger amount of water accumulated in a carbon-cloth GDL than in a carbon-paper GDL. From the viewpoint of cell performance, the carbon-cloth GDL was less influenced by the accumulated water than the carbon-paper GDL. It is assumed that the broader pore distribution of a carbon-cloth GDL creates oxygen-diffusion paths even if water accumulates in the GDL. With a serpentine flow field, water accumulated in the corner and the gas bypassed the flow field. These phenomena are the main causes of performance deterioration with a serpentine flow field.
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