Grossel, M. C., Duke, A. J., Hibbert, D. B., Lewis, I. K., Seddon, E. A., Horton, P. N. and Weston, S. C.
An Investigation of the Factors that Influence the Decomposition of 7,7',8,8'-Tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) and Its Salts to, and Structural Characterization of, the ?,?-Dicyano-p-toluoylcyanide Anion
Chemistry of Materials, 12, (8), . (doi:10.1021/cm991160g).
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The kinetics of formation of alpha,alpha-dicyano-p-toluoylcyanide anion (DCTC-) by reaction of TCNQ(0) and its radical anion salts with nitrite ion have been investigated spectroscopically; the reaction of TCNQ(0) with excess nitrite is first order, whereas oxidation of TCNQ(.-) appears to proceed via TCNQ(0) as an intermediate. The first X-ray structural study of a simple DCTC- salt, K+[2.2.2] DCTC-, is also reported.
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