O'Connor, D., Clarke, N.M.P., Hegarty, S.E. and Fairhurst, J.J.
The natural history of popliteal cysts in children: an ultrasound study
Knee, 5, (4), . (doi:10.1016/S0968-0160(98)00004-0).
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The natural history of juvenile popliteal cysts is poorly defined. No previous study has used imaging to prove these cysts spontaneously resolve. Over 4 years, 14 children presented with popliteal swellings consistent with a popliteal cyst. A single ultrasound scan confirmed the diagnosis and measured the cyst dimension. No treatment was instituted. At a mean follow up of 28.6 months, repeat examination and ultrasound confirmed resolution of the popliteal cyst in seven cases. In six cases ultrasound confirmed the popliteal cysts remained at a mean follow up of 16.5 months. No cyst increased in size. True juvenile popliteal cysts can resolve spontaneously. This is accurately demonstrated with ultrasound imaging.
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