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Environmental effects of ashfall in Argentina from the 2008 Chaitén volcanic eruption

Martin, R.S., Watt, S.F.L., Pyle, D.M., Mather, T.A., Matthews, N.E., Georg, R.B., Day, J.A., Fairhead, T., Witt, M.L.I. and Quayle, B.M. (2009) Environmental effects of ashfall in Argentina from the 2008 Chaitén volcanic eruption Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 184, (3-4), pp. 462-472. (doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.04.010).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Analyses of air, water and vegetation samples collected in June 2008 offer new insights into the environmental effects of the May 2008 Chaitén eruption on Argentina, which was subject to significant ashfall between 42°S and 46°S.

Results from air filtration in the ash-affected town of Esquel (with samples analysed by gravimetry and scanning electron microscopy) show the total mass of resuspended ash in the air is well-correlated with traffic activity. However, this variation is primarily related to varying amounts of the largest particles, with little variation in the amounts of fine ash particles (i.e., d < 4 ?m). This result suggests that the hazard associated with resuspended ash remains high even when traffic activity is low and the air is not visibly dusty. We estimate PM2.5 not, vert, similar 200 ?g m? 3, PM4 not, vert, similar 300 ?g m? 3 and PM10 not, vert, similar 1000 ?g m? 3; these concentrations far exceed WHO air quality guidelines and likely persisted for several months.

Results from water and vegetation sampling (with samples analysed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and ion chromatography) indicate that ashfall resulted in significant compositional changes in ephemeral lakes and coirón grass (Festuca pallescens). For B, Cd, Zn, Tl, Cu and Ni, there are strong linear correlations between concentrations and ash thickness (where > 2 mm) in both datasets. These results suggest that the eruption of Chaitén led to significant changes in the concentrations of trace volatile elements within the environment. Analysis of vegetation samples collected in January 2009 indicates that the elevated element concentrations in coirón grass persisted for < 8 months. These results offer insights into the environmental fate of volatile trace elements emitted during volcanic eruptions.

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More information

Published date: July 2009
Keywords: environment, ash, leachate, Chaitén, Patagonia, eruption, volcanic, coirón

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 190551
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/190551
ISSN: 0377-0273
PURE UUID: 556ae8ee-6bda-469b-b748-111491864d94

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Jun 2011 10:37
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:37

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Contributors

Author: R.S. Martin
Author: S.F.L. Watt
Author: D.M. Pyle
Author: T.A. Mather
Author: N.E. Matthews
Author: R.B. Georg
Author: J.A. Day
Author: T. Fairhead
Author: M.L.I. Witt
Author: B.M. Quayle

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