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Modulation of output from an isolated gastropod heart: Effects of acetylcholine and FMRFamide

Modulation of output from an isolated gastropod heart: Effects of acetylcholine and FMRFamide
Modulation of output from an isolated gastropod heart: Effects of acetylcholine and FMRFamide
In this study, two cardioactive drugs, acetylcholine (ACh) and the tetrapeptide FMRFamide, are perfused through the isolated systemic heart of the gastropod, Busycon canaliculatum. Their effect is examined in terms of the regulation of output, and is then related to the in vivo regulation of stroke volume.

ACh decreases cardiac output by reducing both stroke volume and heart rate. End-diastolic volume and cardiac reserve increase with drug concentration. These effects are accompanied by a slowing in the rise time of the electromyogram prepotential and an increase in the duration of the plateau phase. Low concentrations of FMRFamide increase output by accelerating the heart rate. Stroke volume is only affected at higher concentrations (5×10?7 moll?1), and then negatively. Enddiastolic volume is reduced. Between 10?9 and 10?8 moll?1, FMRFamide increases the rise time of the prepotential and the amplitude of the plateau; the duration of the plateau is markedly shortened. At 5×10?7 moll?1 and above, the plateau is extended and the cardiac reserve is reduced to zero. The two drugs have opposite effects on the characteristics of the aortic pressure pulse: ACh reduces the amplitude of the pulse, but increases its duration.

heart, cardiac performance, acetylcholine, fmrf amide, busycon, gastropod
0022-0949
105-120
Smith, P.J.S.
003de469-9420-4f12-8f0e-8e8d76d28d6c
HILL, R.B.
f8855537-068c-4a5b-bbd6-87e6a4a1441a
Smith, P.J.S.
003de469-9420-4f12-8f0e-8e8d76d28d6c
HILL, R.B.
f8855537-068c-4a5b-bbd6-87e6a4a1441a

Smith, P.J.S. and HILL, R.B. (1987) Modulation of output from an isolated gastropod heart: Effects of acetylcholine and FMRFamide. Journal of Experimental Biology, 127, 105-120.

Record type: Article

Abstract

In this study, two cardioactive drugs, acetylcholine (ACh) and the tetrapeptide FMRFamide, are perfused through the isolated systemic heart of the gastropod, Busycon canaliculatum. Their effect is examined in terms of the regulation of output, and is then related to the in vivo regulation of stroke volume.

ACh decreases cardiac output by reducing both stroke volume and heart rate. End-diastolic volume and cardiac reserve increase with drug concentration. These effects are accompanied by a slowing in the rise time of the electromyogram prepotential and an increase in the duration of the plateau phase. Low concentrations of FMRFamide increase output by accelerating the heart rate. Stroke volume is only affected at higher concentrations (5×10?7 moll?1), and then negatively. Enddiastolic volume is reduced. Between 10?9 and 10?8 moll?1, FMRFamide increases the rise time of the prepotential and the amplitude of the plateau; the duration of the plateau is markedly shortened. At 5×10?7 moll?1 and above, the plateau is extended and the cardiac reserve is reduced to zero. The two drugs have opposite effects on the characteristics of the aortic pressure pulse: ACh reduces the amplitude of the pulse, but increases its duration.

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More information

Published date: January 1987
Keywords: heart, cardiac performance, acetylcholine, fmrf amide, busycon, gastropod

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 190609
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/190609
ISSN: 0022-0949
PURE UUID: d050d5ce-b541-48c2-add2-0ef04c85d9e1
ORCID for P.J.S. Smith: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4400-6853

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 Jun 2011 10:54
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:31

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Contributors

Author: P.J.S. Smith ORCID iD
Author: R.B. HILL

University divisions

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