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An analysis of fertility differentials in Liberia and Ghana using multilevel models

An analysis of fertility differentials in Liberia and Ghana using multilevel models
An analysis of fertility differentials in Liberia and Ghana using multilevel models
This thesis investigates differentials in the levels of fertility,
nuptiality and contraceptive use in Liberia and Ghana, using data
from the recent Demographic and Health Surveys in these countries.
Of particular interest is the effect of the community in which a
woman lives on her current and past fertility, her marital status
and her use of contraception. This interest stems from the fact
that, although the community in which a woman lives is integral to
anthropological explanations of fertility, statistical models of
fertility have rarely included an assessment of community effects.

The method of analysis used is multilevel modelling. This
involves fitting variables measured at the woman level, variables
measured at the community level and also includes the use of
random effects to assess the extent to which community effects
have not been captured by the fixed explanatory variables.
Multilevel log-linear models are used in the analyses of fertility
and multilevel logistic models are used in the analyses of
nuptiality and contraceptive use.

This thesis demonstrates not only that there is significant
variation between communities in both Liberia and Ghana for number
of births 0-4 years before survey, children ever born, marital
status and use of contraception but also that in each case
significant community effects are found even after controlling for
woman's age, education, religion and ethnicity.
Parr, Nicholas John
60ff080f-e2d1-4c52-babc-9d14499a4b85
Parr, Nicholas John
60ff080f-e2d1-4c52-babc-9d14499a4b85
Diamond, Ian
b4e9ea54-fced-4314-9286-727256504de9
Hinde, Peter
0691a8ab-dcdb-4694-93b4-40d5e71f672d
Cooper, Philip
2d586394-4f46-4d60-a477-7649f48d2ff8

Parr, Nicholas John (1992) An analysis of fertility differentials in Liberia and Ghana using multilevel models. University of Southampton, Department of Social Statistics, Doctoral Thesis, 496pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

This thesis investigates differentials in the levels of fertility,
nuptiality and contraceptive use in Liberia and Ghana, using data
from the recent Demographic and Health Surveys in these countries.
Of particular interest is the effect of the community in which a
woman lives on her current and past fertility, her marital status
and her use of contraception. This interest stems from the fact
that, although the community in which a woman lives is integral to
anthropological explanations of fertility, statistical models of
fertility have rarely included an assessment of community effects.

The method of analysis used is multilevel modelling. This
involves fitting variables measured at the woman level, variables
measured at the community level and also includes the use of
random effects to assess the extent to which community effects
have not been captured by the fixed explanatory variables.
Multilevel log-linear models are used in the analyses of fertility
and multilevel logistic models are used in the analyses of
nuptiality and contraceptive use.

This thesis demonstrates not only that there is significant
variation between communities in both Liberia and Ghana for number
of births 0-4 years before survey, children ever born, marital
status and use of contraception but also that in each case
significant community effects are found even after controlling for
woman's age, education, religion and ethnicity.

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More information

Published date: April 1992
Organisations: University of Southampton

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 192425
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/192425
PURE UUID: ce615efa-f279-434a-b824-7bd1ea48fe09
ORCID for Peter Hinde: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8909-9152

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Jul 2011 15:52
Last modified: 04 Jun 2019 00:38

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