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SNARE protein recycling by ?SNAP and ?SNAP supports synaptic vesicle priming

Burgalossi, Andrea, Jung, Sangyong, Meyer, Guido, Jockusch, Wolf J, Jahn, Olaf, Taschenberger, Holger, O'Connor, Vincent M, Nishiki, Tei-ichi, Takahashi, Masami, Brose, Nils and Rhee, Jeong-Seop (2010) SNARE protein recycling by ?SNAP and ?SNAP supports synaptic vesicle priming Neuron, 68, (3), pp. 473-487. (doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2010.09.019). (PMID:21040848).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Neurotransmitter release proceeds by Ca(2+)-triggered, SNARE-complex-dependent synaptic vesicle fusion. After fusion, the ATPase NSF and its cofactors ?- and ?SNAP disassemble SNARE complexes, thereby recycling individual SNAREs for subsequent fusion reactions. We examined the effects of genetic perturbation of ?- and ?SNAP expression on synaptic vesicle exocytosis, employing a new Ca(2+) uncaging protocol to study synaptic vesicle trafficking, priming, and fusion in small glutamatergic synapses of hippocampal neurons. By characterizing this protocol, we show that synchronous and asynchronous transmitter release involve different Ca(2+) sensors and are not caused by distinct releasable vesicle pools, and that tonic transmitter release is due to ongoing priming and fusion of new synaptic vesicles during high synaptic activity. Our analysis of ?- and ?SNAP deletion mutant neurons shows that the two NSF cofactors support synaptic vesicle priming by determining the availability of free SNARE components, particularly during phases of high synaptic activity

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Published date: 4 November 2010
Organisations: Biological Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 193575
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/193575
ISSN: 0896-6273
PURE UUID: 9cb76c7a-8f13-4e74-bd0e-137a9c4ca0c7

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Date deposited: 18 Jul 2011 12:52
Last modified: 18 Jul 2017 11:28

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Contributors

Author: Andrea Burgalossi
Author: Sangyong Jung
Author: Guido Meyer
Author: Wolf J Jockusch
Author: Olaf Jahn
Author: Holger Taschenberger
Author: Tei-ichi Nishiki
Author: Masami Takahashi
Author: Nils Brose
Author: Jeong-Seop Rhee

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