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Forgiveness and chronic low back pain: A preliminary study examining the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress

Forgiveness and chronic low back pain: A preliminary study examining the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress
Forgiveness and chronic low back pain: A preliminary study examining the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress
Clinical observations suggest that many patients with chronic pain have difficulty forgiving persons they perceive as having unjustly offended them in some way. By using a sample of 61 patients with chronic low back pain, this study sought to determine the reliability and variability of forgiveness assessments in patients and to examine the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress. Standardized measures were used to assess patients’ current levels of forgiveness, forgiveness self-efficacy, pain, anger, and psychological distress. Results showed that forgiveness-related constructs can be reliably assessed in patients with persistent pain, and that patients vary considerably along dimensions of forgiveness. Furthermore, correlational analyses showed that patients who had higher scores on forgiveness-related variables reported lower levels of pain, anger, and psychological distress. Additional analyses indicated that state anger largely mediated the association between forgiveness and psychological distress, as well as some of the associations between forgiveness and pain. These findings indicate that forgiveness can be reliably assessed in patients with persistent pain, and that a relationship appears to exist between forgiveness and important aspects of living with persistent pain.

forgiveness, pain, anger, psychological distress, chronic low back pain
1526-5900
84-91
Carson, James W.
4c051b44-f8a8-498f-a3f8-fffea85c2046
Keefe, Francis J.
5c2a53e1-5031-4ecc-aa34-80641985a68e
Goli, Veeraindar
5ef9893d-b6c1-4f8a-866d-9e65c9633cd1
Fras, Anne Marie
e1564b65-1f7a-48dc-889b-e5c7b595c161
Lynch, Thomas R.
29e90123-0aef-46c8-b320-1617fb48bb20
Thorp, Steven R.
2a875502-7e22-4c64-b344-a5f91c9f04aa
Buechler, Jennifer L.
170588e0-2bce-4c43-ace5-be31280ae04a
Carson, James W.
4c051b44-f8a8-498f-a3f8-fffea85c2046
Keefe, Francis J.
5c2a53e1-5031-4ecc-aa34-80641985a68e
Goli, Veeraindar
5ef9893d-b6c1-4f8a-866d-9e65c9633cd1
Fras, Anne Marie
e1564b65-1f7a-48dc-889b-e5c7b595c161
Lynch, Thomas R.
29e90123-0aef-46c8-b320-1617fb48bb20
Thorp, Steven R.
2a875502-7e22-4c64-b344-a5f91c9f04aa
Buechler, Jennifer L.
170588e0-2bce-4c43-ace5-be31280ae04a

Carson, James W., Keefe, Francis J., Goli, Veeraindar, Fras, Anne Marie, Lynch, Thomas R., Thorp, Steven R. and Buechler, Jennifer L. (2005) Forgiveness and chronic low back pain: A preliminary study examining the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress. Journal of Pain, 6 (2), 84-91. (PMID:15694874)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Clinical observations suggest that many patients with chronic pain have difficulty forgiving persons they perceive as having unjustly offended them in some way. By using a sample of 61 patients with chronic low back pain, this study sought to determine the reliability and variability of forgiveness assessments in patients and to examine the relationship of forgiveness to pain, anger, and psychological distress. Standardized measures were used to assess patients’ current levels of forgiveness, forgiveness self-efficacy, pain, anger, and psychological distress. Results showed that forgiveness-related constructs can be reliably assessed in patients with persistent pain, and that patients vary considerably along dimensions of forgiveness. Furthermore, correlational analyses showed that patients who had higher scores on forgiveness-related variables reported lower levels of pain, anger, and psychological distress. Additional analyses indicated that state anger largely mediated the association between forgiveness and psychological distress, as well as some of the associations between forgiveness and pain. These findings indicate that forgiveness can be reliably assessed in patients with persistent pain, and that a relationship appears to exist between forgiveness and important aspects of living with persistent pain.

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More information

Published date: 7 February 2005
Keywords: forgiveness, pain, anger, psychological distress, chronic low back pain

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 194219
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/194219
ISSN: 1526-5900
PURE UUID: 92a2ee0e-e6e1-4876-ad78-5b2fe3a053fd

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Date deposited: 26 Jul 2011 08:25
Last modified: 16 Oct 2017 13:40

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Contributors

Author: James W. Carson
Author: Francis J. Keefe
Author: Veeraindar Goli
Author: Anne Marie Fras
Author: Thomas R. Lynch
Author: Steven R. Thorp
Author: Jennifer L. Buechler

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