James, V.L.A., Lambden, P.R., Caul, E.O. and Clarke, I.N.
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on recombinant human group C rotavirus inner capsid protein (VP6) To detect human group C rotaviruses in fecal samples
Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 36, (11), . (PMID:9431910).
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A recent study showed that 43% of a population in the United Kingdom were seropositive for group C rotavirus. The higher than expected incidence may be due to limited diagnosis of acute human group C rotavirus infections because no routine test is available. Human group C rotavirus infections are routinely diagnosed by electron microscopy (EM) and a negative group A rotavirus enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) result. An antigen-detection ELISA was developed with hyperimmune antibodies raised to human group C rotavirus recombinant VP6 (Bristol strain) expressed in insect cells. The assay was used to screen fecal samples to determine the prevalence of group C rotavirus infection. Samples positive by ELISA were confirmed by EM, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of double-stranded RNA, or detection of the VP6 gene by reverse transcription-PCR. Retrospective analysis indicated a 1 to 2% detection rate of positivity among samples from patients with acute diarrhea.
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